Before the U.S. Supreme Court in Castillo v. U.S. (2000)

“Stephen Halbrook is an attorney with extensive knowledge of the historical underpinnings of the Second Amendment and practical knowledge of litigating in this rapidly evolving area of law. His writings include topics as diverse as Gun Control in the Third Reich and The Founders’ Second Amendment, and he was heavily involved in Heller and McDonald.”

– U.S. District Judge Michael J. Reagan
Shepard v. Madigan, 2014 WL 4825592, *7 (S.D. Ill. 2014)

Supreme Court Practice

Practice Areas

Gun Control Act/National Firearms Act

  • Firearm technical classifications
  • ATF regulatory compliance
  • FFL warning conferences, license denials,
    and revocations
  • Forfeitures
  • Legal disabilities and restoration of civil rights
  • Criminal defense

State and Local Laws

  • “Assault weapon” restrictions
  • Legal status of firearms
  • Challenging restrictions

Civil and Criminal Cases Litigated >>

Books

Congressional Testimony

Scholarly Articles

Op-Eds & Short Articles

“Does the Bill of Rights Protect You Outside Your Home?,” Washington Times, May 24, 2021.

“The Long March to Restore the Second Amendment in New York,” America’s 1st Freedom, Jan. 26, 2021.

“The Truth about NICS,” America’s 1st Freedom, Nov. 25, 2020.

“Ballot Initiatives: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly,” America’s 1st Freedom, August 31, 2020.

“How Does New York City Get Away with This?” America’s 1st Freedom, July 26, 2020.

“Will the Second Amendment Survive Coronavirus?,” National Review, Mar. 30, 2020, and Independent Institute, Mar. 31, 2020.

“What Makes a Gun a Gun?” America’s 1st Freedom, Mar. 23, 2020.

“We Must Remember Our History of Freedom,” America’s 1st Freedom, Mar. 8, 2020.

“Second Amendment Sanctuaries Started in 1774,” American Thinker, Dec. 22, 2019.

“Recalling the Tragic History of Gun Control,” The American Spectator, Sept. 4, 2019.

View More Op-Eds and Short Articles >>

TV Appearances

Radio Interviews

Instagram Updates

New York apparently has their own version of the 2 New York apparently has their own version of the 2nd Amendment: the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, SHALL be infringed (except for a small number of people like billionaires and celebrities who pay the right bribes).  As bad as New York is, New York City's laws are even more oppressive.  The New York Rifle and Pistol Association says that it is harder than ever to get a pistol or concealed carry permit.  Even death threats don't necessarily qualify as a special need to exercise what should be a constitutional right.  

Monday I discussed this case with Dan Ball on Real America (Rumble.com)  Here is the information for my segment: 

"Rumble — Real America - Dan W/ Attorney, Second Amendment Expert & Author of 'The Right To Bear Arms: A Constitutional Right Of The People Of The Ruling Class?', Stephen Halbrook (June 21, 2021)"

Direct link: https://rumble.com/viw389-real-america-dan-w-stephen-halbrook-june-21-2021.html
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#scotus #2acase #stephenhalbrook #nysrpa #nysrpavcorlett #supremecourt #ussupremecourt #righttocarry #2ndamendmentcases #2acases #constitutionalcarry #2a #2ndmendment #rtkba #righttobeararms #gunrestrictions #gunowners #gunowner #firearmslaws #nycgunlaws #constitutionalright #2arights #2ndamendmentrights #nycguncase #gunrightscase #therighttobeararms #realamerica #oneamericannewsnetwork #sullivanact #ccw

New York apparently has their own version of the 2nd Amendment: the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, SHALL be infringed (except for a small number of people like billionaires and celebrities who pay the right bribes).  As bad as New York is, New York City's laws are even more oppressive.  The New York Rifle and Pistol Association says that it is harder than ever to get a pistol or concealed carry permit.  Even death threats don't necessarily qualify as a special need to exercise what should be a constitutional right.  

Monday I discussed this case with Dan Ball on Real America (Rumble.com)  Here is the information for my segment: 

"Rumble — Real America - Dan W/ Attorney, Second Amendment Expert & Author of 'The Right To Bear Arms: A Constitutional Right Of The People Of The Ruling Class?', Stephen Halbrook (June 21, 2021)"

Direct link: https://rumble.com/viw389-real-america-dan-w-stephen-halbrook-june-21-2021.html
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#scotus #2acase #stephenhalbrook #nysrpa #nysrpavcorlett #supremecourt #ussupremecourt #righttocarry #2ndamendmentcases #2acases #constitutionalcarry #2a #2ndmendment #rtkba #righttobeararms #gunrestrictions #gunowners #gunowner #firearmslaws #nycgunlaws #constitutionalright #2arights #2ndamendmentrights #nycguncase #gunrightscase #therighttobeararms #realamerica #oneamericannewsnetwork #sullivanact #ccw
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Note to my Portuguese speaking followers: A specia Note to my Portuguese speaking followers: A special thanks to @shooterslodge for writing a 3-part series in Portuguese on my book, Target Switzerland.  Check it out on his Instagram page.

Target Switzerland: Swiss Armed Neutrality in World War II, "describes how Switzerland's war-time mobilization and armament--rooted in the centuries-old policy of active, armed neutrality--effectively deterred invasion by the most powerful and aggressive totalitarian state in modern European history.  As such, it fills a void on a subject not covered in English-language publications and contributes to the understanding of the military history of the period before and during World War II.  Memories dimmed by the passage of over half a century, certain revisionists today denigrate Switzerland's military preparedness as mythical.  They are wrong.  As the sources utilized for much of this book demonstrate, during the war many Americans and Britons saw Switzerland as a heroic island of democracy  in a sea of Axis tyranny."  (p. viii)  

Target Switzerland is also  available in French, German, and Polish.
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#generalguisan #henriguisan #swisshistory #armedswiss #swissresistance #swissheroes #nazigermanyhistory #resistance #naziinvasion #WWIIhistory #Switzerlandhistory #swissarmywwii #armedneutrality #swissarmedneutrality #switzerland #helvetia #schweiz #wwii #ww2history #targetswitzerland #neversurrender #swissmilitary #swissmilitarytradition #stayarmed #gunsandammo #beready #mobilization #totalitarianstate #militaryhistory #revisionisthistory

Note to my Portuguese speaking followers: A special thanks to @shooterslodge for writing a 3-part series in Portuguese on my book, Target Switzerland.  Check it out on his Instagram page.

Target Switzerland: Swiss Armed Neutrality in World War II, "describes how Switzerland's war-time mobilization and armament--rooted in the centuries-old policy of active, armed neutrality--effectively deterred invasion by the most powerful and aggressive totalitarian state in modern European history.  As such, it fills a void on a subject not covered in English-language publications and contributes to the understanding of the military history of the period before and during World War II.  Memories dimmed by the passage of over half a century, certain revisionists today denigrate Switzerland's military preparedness as mythical.  They are wrong.  As the sources utilized for much of this book demonstrate, during the war many Americans and Britons saw Switzerland as a heroic island of democracy  in a sea of Axis tyranny."  (p. viii)  

Target Switzerland is also available in French, German, and Polish.
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#generalguisan #henriguisan #swisshistory #armedswiss #swissresistance #swissheroes #nazigermanyhistory #resistance #naziinvasion #WWIIhistory #Switzerlandhistory #swissarmywwii #armedneutrality #swissarmedneutrality #switzerland #helvetia #schweiz #wwii #ww2history #targetswitzerland #neversurrender #swissmilitary #swissmilitarytradition #stayarmed #gunsandammo #beready #mobilization #totalitarianstate #militaryhistory #revisionisthistory
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Common sense would say that there was not a need f Common sense would say that there was not a need for me to write my new book, The Right to Bear Arms: A Constitutional Right of the People or a Privilege of the Ruling Class?  But we live in a country where people seem baffled by the Framer's clear, concise language "the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed."  Some people just don't accept that we have a historical and legal right not only to KEEP arms, but to BEAR them.  

Last week I talked with London Center for Policy Research Sr. Fellow LTC (Ret, British Army) Tim Wilson about our historic right to bear arms and the modern, twisted political view that attempts to deny it.  We also discussed how, in current times, gun control has affected criminal activity in the UK and in different areas of the US.

The video of our interview is on the "Thought to Action" YouTube channel, which is presented by London Center for Policy Research.  The title is: "The Right to Self-Defense: An Historical Perspective with Dr. Stephen Halbrook" dated June 17, 2021.  Direct link for the video is: 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VQZ1tFu8JpA
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#londoncenterforpolicyresearch #thoughttoaction #therighttobeararms #therighttobeararmshalbrook #stephenhalbrook #rtkba #rtba #righttobeararms #righttokeepandbeararms #2ndamendment #righttocarry #opencarry #antigunadvocates #guncontrol #2ahistory #2a #ushistory #secondamendment #constitutionalright #therightofthepeople #shallnotbeinfringed #ukhomeinvasions #ukgunlaws #ukgunhistory #kingedwardIII #freedom #ruleoflaw #americanrevolution #williamblackstone #nycgunlaws

Common sense would say that there was not a need for me to write my new book, The Right to Bear Arms: A Constitutional Right of the People or a Privilege of the Ruling Class?  But we live in a country where people seem baffled by the Framer's clear, concise language "the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed."  Some people just don't accept that we have a historical and legal right not only to KEEP arms, but to BEAR them.  

Last week I talked with London Center for Policy Research Sr. Fellow LTC (Ret, British Army) Tim Wilson about our historic right to bear arms and the modern, twisted political view that attempts to deny it.  We also discussed how, in current times, gun control has affected criminal activity in the UK and in different areas of the US.

The video of our interview is on the "Thought to Action" YouTube channel, which is presented by London Center for Policy Research.  The title is: "The Right to Self-Defense: An Historical Perspective with Dr. Stephen Halbrook" dated June 17, 2021.  Direct link for the video is: 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VQZ1tFu8JpA
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#londoncenterforpolicyresearch #thoughttoaction #therighttobeararms #therighttobeararmshalbrook #stephenhalbrook #rtkba #rtba #righttobeararms #righttokeepandbeararms #2ndamendment #righttocarry #opencarry #antigunadvocates #guncontrol #2ahistory #2a #ushistory #secondamendment #constitutionalright #therightofthepeople #shallnotbeinfringed #ukhomeinvasions #ukgunlaws #ukgunhistory #kingedwardIII #freedom #ruleoflaw #americanrevolution #williamblackstone #nycgunlaws
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Update to my Monday post - video is now available Update to my Monday post - video is now available from my interview with Ben Shapiro.  View on my website at: https://stephenhalbrook.com/dailywire/

or on my YouTube channel (Stephen P. Halbrook) at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4etCRBcliVQ

Last week I discussed my new book, The Right to Bear Arms: A Constitutional Right of the People or a Privilege of the Ruling Class? with Ben Shapiro on his show.  As an example of the arbitrary denial of carry permits in “may issue” states, Ben was denied a permit in California despite documented death threats.

Video is from The Ben Shapiro Show at Episode 1273, June 10, 2021, "Your Experts Are Self-Serving Idiots (Bonus Hour)"
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#benshapiro #thebenshapiroshow #therighttobeararms #stephenhalbrook #rtkba #rtba #righttobeararms #righttokeepandbeararms #2ndamendment #righttocarry #righttocarryarms #concealedcarry #guncontrol #scotus #1stamendment #billofrights #2ahistory #2a #ushistory #secondamendment #constitutionalright #therightofthepeople #shallnotbeinfringed #carryagun #2acase #nysrpa #nysrpavcorlett #firearmslaws #2ndamendmentrights #2arightsforall

Update to my Monday post - video is now available from my interview with Ben Shapiro.  View on my website at: https://stephenhalbrook.com/dailywire/

or on my YouTube channel (Stephen P. Halbrook) at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4etCRBcliVQ

Last week I discussed my new book, The Right to Bear Arms: A Constitutional Right of the People or a Privilege of the Ruling Class? with Ben Shapiro on his show.  As an example of the arbitrary denial of carry permits in “may issue” states, Ben was denied a permit in California despite documented death threats.

Video is from The Ben Shapiro Show at Episode 1273, June 10, 2021, "Your Experts Are Self-Serving Idiots (Bonus Hour)"
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#benshapiro #thebenshapiroshow #therighttobeararms #stephenhalbrook #rtkba #rtba #righttobeararms #righttokeepandbeararms #2ndamendment #righttocarry #righttocarryarms #concealedcarry #guncontrol #scotus #1stamendment #billofrights #2ahistory #2a #ushistory #secondamendment #constitutionalright #therightofthepeople #shallnotbeinfringed #carryagun #2acase #nysrpa #nysrpavcorlett #firearmslaws #2ndamendmentrights #2arightsforall
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There were antebellum African Americans that "carr There were antebellum African Americans that "carried guns as part of their effort to gain their freedom.  Harriet Tubman, heroine of the Underground Railroad, famously carried a pistol as part of her work transporting escaped slaves to freedom.  Her pistol remains a family heirloom owned by her descendants to this day.  Indeed, the carrying of firearms by fleeing slaves was apparently common enough to be captured in contemporary fiction: in a memorable scene of Uncle Tom's Cabin, escaped slaves George and Eliza Harris use a pistol to fend off a party of pursuing slave hunters."  From The Right to Bear Arms: A Constitutional Right of the People or a Privilege of the Ruling Class?, p. 261.
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#harriettubman #undergroundrailroad #harrittubmanguns #antebellumhistory #undergroundrailroad #freedom #firearms #pistol #famouspistol #pearlhandle #courageouswomen #blackhistory #africanamericanhistory #africanamericanherstory #womeninhistory #ushistory #uncletomscabin #harrietbeecherstowe 
#therighttobeararms #rtkba #2ndamendment #14amendment #2ahistory #2a #secondamendment #constitutionalright #therightofthepeople #carryagun #selfdefense #civilwarhistory

There were antebellum African Americans that "carried guns as part of their effort to gain their freedom.  Harriet Tubman, heroine of the Underground Railroad, famously carried a pistol as part of her work transporting escaped slaves to freedom.  Her pistol remains a family heirloom owned by her descendants to this day.  Indeed, the carrying of firearms by fleeing slaves was apparently common enough to be captured in contemporary fiction: in a memorable scene of Uncle Tom's Cabin, escaped slaves George and Eliza Harris use a pistol to fend off a party of pursuing slave hunters."  From The Right to Bear Arms: A Constitutional Right of the People or a Privilege of the Ruling Class?, p. 261.
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#harriettubman #undergroundrailroad #harrittubmanguns #antebellumhistory #undergroundrailroad #freedom #firearms #pistol #famouspistol #pearlhandle #courageouswomen #blackhistory #africanamericanhistory #africanamericanherstory #womeninhistory #ushistory #uncletomscabin #harrietbeecherstowe 
#therighttobeararms #rtkba #2ndamendment #14amendment #2ahistory #2a #secondamendment #constitutionalright #therightofthepeople #carryagun #selfdefense #civilwarhistory
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Last week I discussed my new book, The Right to Be Last week I discussed my new book, The Right to Bear Arms: A Constitutional Right of the People or a Privilege of the Ruling Class? with Ben Shapiro on his show.  As an example of the arbitrary denial of carry permits in “may issue” states, Ben was denied a permit in California despite documented death threats.

If you are a subscriber to The Daily Wire, you can hear our discussion on The Ben Shapiro Show at Episode 1273, June 10, 2021, "Your Experts Are Self-Serving Idiots (Bonus Hour)"  Direct link: https://www.dailywire.com/episode/ep-1273-your-experts-are-self-serving-idiots-bonus-hour-2
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#benshapiro #thebenshapiroshow #therighttobeararms #therighttobeararmshalbrook #stephenhalbrook #stephenphalbrook #rtkba #rtba #righttobeararms #righttokeepandbeararms #2ndamendment #righttocarry #righttocarryarms #foundingfathers #antigun #antigunadvocates #guncontrol #scotus #14thamendment #billofrights #2ahistory #2a #ushistory #secondamendment #constitutionalright #therightofthepeople #usconstitution #shallnotbeinfringed #constitutionalguarantees #carryagun

Last week I discussed my new book, The Right to Bear Arms: A Constitutional Right of the People or a Privilege of the Ruling Class? with Ben Shapiro on his show.  As an example of the arbitrary denial of carry permits in “may issue” states, Ben was denied a permit in California despite documented death threats.

If you are a subscriber to The Daily Wire, you can hear our discussion on The Ben Shapiro Show at Episode 1273, June 10, 2021, "Your Experts Are Self-Serving Idiots (Bonus Hour)"  Direct link: https://www.dailywire.com/episode/ep-1273-your-experts-are-self-serving-idiots-bonus-hour-2
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#benshapiro #thebenshapiroshow #therighttobeararms #therighttobeararmshalbrook #stephenhalbrook #stephenphalbrook #rtkba #rtba #righttobeararms #righttokeepandbeararms #2ndamendment #righttocarry #righttocarryarms #foundingfathers #antigun #antigunadvocates #guncontrol #scotus #14thamendment #billofrights #2ahistory #2a #ushistory #secondamendment #constitutionalright #therightofthepeople #usconstitution #shallnotbeinfringed #constitutionalguarantees #carryagun
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Actor Gary Cooper (1901-1961) played WWI hero and Actor Gary Cooper (1901-1961) played WWI hero and sharpshooter Sergeant Alvin C. York in the famous 1941 movie "Sergeant York."  Cooper was just as  comfortable with a gun off the screen as on.  He was an avid sportsman who enjoyed hunting, fishing, archery, and boxing, among other sports.  In the early 1930s, Cooper went on a ten-week big-game hunt in East Africa and was credited with over sixty kills.  This safari time greatly deepened his love of the wilderness.  Cooper had a long friendship with author Ernest Hemingway and they enjoyed hunting duck and pheasant together.

Photo:  Gary Cooper hunting in Idaho, 1948
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#garycooper #frankjamescooper #classichollywood #oldhollywood #alvinyork #sgtyork #sergeantyork #actorswithguns #famoushunters #sportsman #getoutdoors #hunting #fishing #archery #boxing #westernstar #shootingfun #actorsthathunt #vintagehuntingphoto #birdhunting #birdhunter 
#biggamehunter #biggamehunt #safarihunt #huntinginafrica #ernesthemingway #huntinginidaho #duckhunting #pheasanthunting #huntingdogs

Actor Gary Cooper (1901-1961) played WWI hero and sharpshooter Sergeant Alvin C. York in the famous 1941 movie "Sergeant York."  Cooper was just as  comfortable with a gun off the screen as on.  He was an avid sportsman who enjoyed hunting, fishing, archery, and boxing, among other sports.  In the early 1930s, Cooper went on a ten-week big-game hunt in East Africa and was credited with over sixty kills.  This safari time greatly deepened his love of the wilderness.  Cooper had a long friendship with author Ernest Hemingway and they enjoyed hunting duck and pheasant together.

Photo:  Gary Cooper hunting in Idaho, 1948
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#garycooper #frankjamescooper #classichollywood #oldhollywood #alvinyork #sgtyork #sergeantyork #actorswithguns #famoushunters #sportsman #getoutdoors #hunting #fishing #archery #boxing #westernstar #shootingfun #actorsthathunt #vintagehuntingphoto #birdhunting #birdhunter 
#biggamehunter #biggamehunt #safarihunt #huntinginafrica #ernesthemingway #huntinginidaho #duckhunting #pheasanthunting #huntingdogs
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Marathon & Triathlon Photos

Reykjavík Half-Marathon, 2019
Reykjavík, Iceland

Jungfrau Marathon, 2004
Jungfrau, Switzerland

Marine Corps Marathon
Washington, D.C.

Alcatraz Triathlon, 2001
San Francisco, California

Berlin Marathon, 2019
Berlin, Germany

Berlin Marathon, 2017
Berlin, Germany