Before the U.S. Supreme Court in Castillo v. U.S. (2000)

“Stephen Halbrook is an attorney with extensive knowledge of the historical underpinnings of the Second Amendment and practical knowledge of litigating in this rapidly evolving area of law. His writings include topics as diverse as Gun Control in the Third Reich and The Founders’ Second Amendment, and he was heavily involved in Heller and McDonald.”

– U.S. District Judge Michael J. Reagan
Shepard v. Madigan, 2014 WL 4825592, *7 (S.D. Ill. 2014)

Supreme Court Practice

Practice Areas

Gun Control Act/National Firearms Act

  • Firearm technical classifications
  • ATF regulatory compliance
  • FFL warning conferences, license denials,
    and revocations
  • Forfeitures
  • Legal disabilities and restoration of civil rights
  • Criminal defense

State and Local Laws

  • “Assault weapon” restrictions
  • Legal status of firearms
  • Challenging restrictions

Civil and Criminal Cases Litigated >>

Books

Congressional Testimony

Scholarly Articles

Op-Eds & Short Articles

“How Does New York City Get Away with This?” America’s 1st Freedom, July 26, 2020.

“Will the Second Amendment Survive Coronavirus?” National Review, Mar. 30, 2020, and Independent Institute, Mar. 31, 2020.

“What Makes a Gun a Gun?” America’s 1st Freedom, Mar. 23, 2020.

“We Must Remember Our History of Freedom,” America’s 1st Freedom, Mar. 8, 2020.

“Second Amendment Sanctuaries Started in 1774,” American Thinker, Dec. 22, 2019.

“Recalling the Tragic History of Gun Control,” The American Spectator, Sept. 4, 2019.

“Gun Control: The Kristallnacht Version Of ‘Common-Sense Safety,” Investor’s Business Daily, Nov. 15, 2018.

Some of the world’s most powerful banks push policies circumventing Constitution and federal laws, Los Angles Times, Sept. 13, 2018.

The Second Amendment had nothing to do with slavery, Fox News, June 22, 2018.

Time for a History Lesson About Gun Control, TownHall, June 22, 2018.

View More Op-Eds and Short Articles >>

TV Appearances

Radio Interviews

Instagram Updates

"The first recorded mention of firearms in the wri "The first recorded mention of firearms in the writing and records of Plymouth Colony was in 1620 while the Mayflower was at anchor in Provincetown harbor. At this time one Francis, son of passenger John Billington, took his fathers fowling piece that was stored charged in their cabin, and shot it off. This subsequently set fire to the cabin and there were many 'flints and iron things about the cabin' but the fire was extinguished (Mourts Relations). The fact that Francis was able to shoot his fathers fowling piece indicated the possibility that this piece was equipped with a flint and steel ignition system as opposed to a matchlock. This suspicion was confirmed by the report that there were many flints in the cabin, presumably for the piece. The type of lock that Billington probably had was a snaphaunce, as this incident occurred in 1620 and the English dog locks were not invented yet. From this report we know that at least one snaphaunce fowler was among the pieces carried to Plymouth Colony."  

"Seven general types of firearms have been identified as being used in Plymouth Colony through a comparison of the archaeological and historical records, these are the musket, harquebus, caliver or cavalier, fowler, carbine, pistol, and the blunderbus."

Both of the above are from the report "Firearms in Plymouth Colony" by the Plymouth Archaeological Rediscovery Project (PARP).  Read the entire report at: http://plymoutharch.tripod.com/id71.htmlptro
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#americanhistory #ushistory #puritan #puritans #pilgrim #pilgrims #colonists #1620 #earlyamericanhistory #massachusettshistory #rtkba #2Ahistory #plymouthcolony #plymouthrock #theMayflower #Provincetownharbor #johnbillington #pilgrimhistory #PlymouthArchaeologicalRediscoveryProject #firearmsinplymouthcolony #firearmsinhistory #firearmsinamericanhistory #musket #harquebus #fowler #caliver #cavalier #carbine #pistol #blunderbus

"The first recorded mention of firearms in the writing and records of Plymouth Colony was in 1620 while the Mayflower was at anchor in Provincetown harbor. At this time one Francis, son of passenger John Billington, took his fathers fowling piece that was stored charged in their cabin, and shot it off. This subsequently set fire to the cabin and there were many 'flints and iron things about the cabin' but the fire was extinguished (Mourts Relations). The fact that Francis was able to shoot his fathers fowling piece indicated the possibility that this piece was equipped with a flint and steel ignition system as opposed to a matchlock. This suspicion was confirmed by the report that there were many flints in the cabin, presumably for the piece. The type of lock that Billington probably had was a snaphaunce, as this incident occurred in 1620 and the English dog locks were not invented yet. From this report we know that at least one snaphaunce fowler was among the pieces carried to Plymouth Colony."  

"Seven general types of firearms have been identified as being used in Plymouth Colony through a comparison of the archaeological and historical records, these are the musket, harquebus, caliver or cavalier, fowler, carbine, pistol, and the blunderbus."

Both of the above are from the report "Firearms in Plymouth Colony" by the Plymouth Archaeological Rediscovery Project (PARP).  Read the entire report at: http://plymoutharch.tripod.com/id71.htmlptro
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#americanhistory #ushistory #puritan #puritans #pilgrim #pilgrims #colonists #1620 #earlyamericanhistory #massachusettshistory #rtkba #2Ahistory #plymouthcolony #plymouthrock #theMayflower #Provincetownharbor #johnbillington #pilgrimhistory #PlymouthArchaeologicalRediscoveryProject #firearmsinplymouthcolony #firearmsinhistory #firearmsinamericanhistory #musket #harquebus #fowler #caliver #cavalier #carbine #pistol #blunderbus
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The National Shooting Sports Foundation (NSSF) has The National Shooting Sports Foundation (NSSF) has reported on a recent Gallup poll on gun control: "Americans want less gun control laws now than they did in 2016, when Hillary Clinton campaigned and lost on a platform of enacting bans on modern sporting rifles and clamping down on Second Amendment rights. American support for stricter gun control laws slipped seven percent in just one year while firearm sales are breaking records and rioting and looting is wreaking havoc in American cities as gun control politicians called for, and actually did, defund the police. Forty three percent of Americans want less gun control laws or for them to remain the same, according to the poll." - 

Read NSSF's complete news release at:  https://www.nssf.org/another-poll-shows-gun-control-misread-american-resolve
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#gunsandammosales #gunsales #gunsales2020 #nssf #2a #2ndamendment #defendthe2nd #rtkba #righttobeararms #armedpopulace #armed #armedcitizen #keepandbeararms #selfdefense #rtba #basichumanright #basichumanrights #NationalShootingSportsFoundation #defundthepoliceeffects #riotseffects #protectyourself #armyourself #firearmsretailer #gunsurvey #societalunrest #galluppoll #lessguncontrol #guncontrolsurvey #guncontrollaws #saynotoguncontrol

The National Shooting Sports Foundation (NSSF) has reported on a recent Gallup poll on gun control: "Americans want less gun control laws now than they did in 2016, when Hillary Clinton campaigned and lost on a platform of enacting bans on modern sporting rifles and clamping down on Second Amendment rights. American support for stricter gun control laws slipped seven percent in just one year while firearm sales are breaking records and rioting and looting is wreaking havoc in American cities as gun control politicians called for, and actually did, defund the police. Forty three percent of Americans want less gun control laws or for them to remain the same, according to the poll." - 

Read NSSF's complete news release at:  https://www.nssf.org/another-poll-shows-gun-control-misread-american-resolve
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#gunsandammosales #gunsales #gunsales2020 #nssf #2a #2ndamendment #defendthe2nd #rtkba #righttobeararms #armedpopulace #armed #armedcitizen #keepandbeararms #selfdefense #rtba #basichumanright #basichumanrights #NationalShootingSportsFoundation #defundthepoliceeffects #riotseffects #protectyourself #armyourself #firearmsretailer #gunsurvey #societalunrest #galluppoll #lessguncontrol #guncontrolsurvey #guncontrollaws #saynotoguncontrol
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"The Eidgenössisches Schützenfest (Swiss federal "The Eidgenössisches Schützenfest (Swiss federal shooting competition), the largest rifle shooting match in the world, is held every five years in a different region of Switzerland. I have participated in five of the matches at Thun in 1995, Bière in 2000, Frauenfeld in 2005, Aarau in 2010, and Raron (Visp) in 2015.2 The Luzern 2020 matches have been rescheduled to 2021 due to the coronavirus."  This excerpt is from the beginning of my new article:  "The Eidgenössisches Schützenfest: a Traditional Shooting Festival," Swiss American Historical Society Review (Nov. 2020). 

You can read it on my website, in the "Scholarly Articles & Book Chapters" section.  The direct link is:

https://secureservercdn.net/198.71.233.51/ae1.c83.myftpupload.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/11/Halbrook-Eidg-Schuetzenfest-SAHS.pdf

Photo:  A Stgw 90 service rifle points downrange at 300 meters. Firing stopped when a hirsch [small deer] wandered across the range. Aarau 2010
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#Eidgenössisches #EidgenössischesSchützenfest #300meters #protell #Schuetzenfest #swissSchuetzenfest #shootingsports #Stgw90 #rifle #rifles #shootingmatch #swiss #shootingmatches #Strumgewehr #assaultrifle #assaultrifles #boltaction #swissriflesofdc #swissrifles #shootingclub #stephenhalbrook #henriguisan #riflematch #SwissAmericanHistoricalSocietyReview #swissamerican 
#schweiz #suisse #svizzera #switzerland

"The Eidgenössisches Schützenfest (Swiss federal shooting competition), the largest rifle shooting match in the world, is held every five years in a different region of Switzerland. I have participated in five of the matches at Thun in 1995, Bière in 2000, Frauenfeld in 2005, Aarau in 2010, and Raron (Visp) in 2015.2 The Luzern 2020 matches have been rescheduled to 2021 due to the coronavirus."  This excerpt is from the beginning of my new article:  "The Eidgenössisches Schützenfest: a Traditional Shooting Festival," Swiss American Historical Society Review (Nov. 2020). 

You can read it on my website, in the "Scholarly Articles & Book Chapters" section.  The direct link is:

https://secureservercdn.net/198.71.233.51/ae1.c83.myftpupload.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/11/Halbrook-Eidg-Schuetzenfest-SAHS.pdf

Photo:  A Stgw 90 service rifle points downrange at 300 meters. Firing stopped when a hirsch [small deer] wandered across the range. Aarau 2010
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#Eidgenössisches #EidgenössischesSchützenfest #300meters #protell #Schuetzenfest #swissSchuetzenfest #shootingsports #Stgw90 #rifle #rifles #shootingmatch #swiss #shootingmatches #Strumgewehr #assaultrifle #assaultrifles #boltaction #swissriflesofdc #swissrifles #shootingclub #stephenhalbrook #henriguisan #riflematch #SwissAmericanHistoricalSocietyReview #swissamerican 
#schweiz #suisse #svizzera #switzerland
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"Hysterical sensationalism is the poorest weapon w "Hysterical sensationalism is the poorest weapon wherewith to fight for lasting righteousness." - Theodore Roosevelt.  Last month The Imaginative Conservative published an article entitled "We're All Muckrakers Now" by my son Patrick. Consider this: "Today, Theodore Roosevelt prompts us to ask the same question he raised over a century ago in his speech 'The Man with the Muck-Rake'. How do we devote our attention to society’s problems without allowing them to devour us? Our survival in the Information Age hinges upon on our ability to address this problem."

Read the entire article at:https://theimaginativeconservative.org/2020/10/all-muckrakers-now-patrick-halbrook.html
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#presidentteddyroosevelt #theodoreroosevelt #teddyroosevelt #teddyrooseveltquote #theodorerooseveltquotes #theimaginativeconservative #muckrake #muckrakers #investigativejournalist #investigativejournaliss #investigativejournalism #corruptionandscandal #truthandjustice #themanwiththemuckrake #teddyrooseveltspeech #teddyrooseveltspeeches #demoralizingnews #yellowjournalists #yellowjournalism #socialreform #sleepypublic #clickbait #exposejournalists #frenchrevolution #americanpublic #newsmedia #socialmedia #thepoliticizationofnearlyeverything #americanrepublic

"Hysterical sensationalism is the poorest weapon wherewith to fight for lasting righteousness." - Theodore Roosevelt.  Last month The Imaginative Conservative published an article entitled "We're All Muckrakers Now" by my son Patrick. Consider this: "Today, Theodore Roosevelt prompts us to ask the same question he raised over a century ago in his speech 'The Man with the Muck-Rake'. How do we devote our attention to society’s problems without allowing them to devour us? Our survival in the Information Age hinges upon on our ability to address this problem."

Read the entire article at:https://theimaginativeconservative.org/2020/10/all-muckrakers-now-patrick-halbrook.html
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#presidentteddyroosevelt #theodoreroosevelt #teddyroosevelt #teddyrooseveltquote #theodorerooseveltquotes #theimaginativeconservative #muckrake #muckrakers #investigativejournalist #investigativejournaliss #investigativejournalism #corruptionandscandal #truthandjustice #themanwiththemuckrake #teddyrooseveltspeech #teddyrooseveltspeeches #demoralizingnews #yellowjournalists #yellowjournalism #socialreform #sleepypublic #clickbait #exposejournalists #frenchrevolution #americanpublic #newsmedia #socialmedia #thepoliticizationofnearlyeverything #americanrepublic
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An armed populace was the cornerstone of the ideal An armed populace was the cornerstone of the ideal polity in the thought of classical philosophers such as Aristotle, Cicero, Locke, and Sidney.  "Aristotle denounced a social order where 'the farmers have no arms . . . mak[ing] them virtually the servants of those who do possess arms.'  Cicero wrote that 'a man who has used arms in self-defense is not regarded as having carried them with a homicidal aim.'  According to John Locke, the people have not 'disarmed themselves, and armed [a legislator], to make prey of them when he pleases.' In a popular government, argued Algernon Sidney, 'every man is armed and disciplined.' "
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#aristotle #aristotlequote #philosophers #aristotlepolitics #cicero #marcustulliuscicero #johnlocke #johnlockequotes #philosophyquotes #AlgernonSidney #Sidney #2ahistory #2a #2ndamendment #rtkba #righttobeararms #armedpeople #armedpopulace #armed #armedcitizen #keepandbeararms #selfdefense #gunrights #constitutionalrights #thefounderssecondamendment #armedcitizen #firearms #armedresistance #naturalrights #armedanddisciplined

An armed populace was the cornerstone of the ideal polity in the thought of classical philosophers such as Aristotle, Cicero, Locke, and Sidney.  "Aristotle denounced a social order where 'the farmers have no arms . . . mak[ing] them virtually the servants of those who do possess arms.'  Cicero wrote that 'a man who has used arms in self-defense is not regarded as having carried them with a homicidal aim.'  According to John Locke, the people have not 'disarmed themselves, and armed [a legislator], to make prey of them when he pleases.' In a popular government, argued Algernon Sidney, 'every man is armed and disciplined.' "
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#aristotle #aristotlequote #philosophers #aristotlepolitics #cicero #marcustulliuscicero #johnlocke #johnlockequotes #philosophyquotes #AlgernonSidney #Sidney #2ahistory #2a #2ndamendment #rtkba #righttobeararms #armedpeople #armedpopulace #armed #armedcitizen #keepandbeararms #selfdefense #gunrights #constitutionalrights #thefounderssecondamendment #armedcitizen #firearms #armedresistance #naturalrights #armedanddisciplined
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Tench Coxe, one of the unsung Founders, wrote:   "I do not hesitate to affirm that the unlimited power of the sword is not in the hands of either the fœderal or state governments, but, where I trust in God it will ever remain, in the hands of the people." - “A Pennsylvanian III,” Pennsylvania Gazette, February 20, 1788.  Excerpt from Documentary History of the Ratification of the Constitution, John P. Kaminski et al. eds. (Madison, Wisc.: Wisconsin Historical Society Press, 2019), vol. 33, pg. 912.
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#powerofthesword #stayarmed #federalgovernmentpowers #stategovernmentpowers #inthehandsofthepeople #governmentpower #governmentalpower #constitution #liberty #freedom #pennsylvanianewspaper #pennsylvaniagazette #ratificationoftheconstitution #historyoftheratificationoftheconstitution #patriots #freedomfighter #fightforliberty #americanhistory #donttreadonme #2ahistory #sacredrights #naturalrights #humanrights #birthrights #privileges #defendyourrights #keepyourrights

Tench Coxe, one of the unsung Founders, wrote:   "I do not hesitate to affirm that the unlimited power of the sword is not in the hands of either the fœderal or state governments, but, where I trust in God it will ever remain, in the hands of the people." - “A Pennsylvanian III,” Pennsylvania Gazette, February 20, 1788.  Excerpt from Documentary History of the Ratification of the Constitution, John P. Kaminski et al. eds. (Madison, Wisc.: Wisconsin Historical Society Press, 2019), vol. 33, pg. 912.
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#powerofthesword #stayarmed #federalgovernmentpowers #stategovernmentpowers #inthehandsofthepeople #governmentpower #governmentalpower #constitution #liberty #freedom #pennsylvanianewspaper #pennsylvaniagazette #ratificationoftheconstitution #historyoftheratificationoftheconstitution #patriots #freedomfighter #fightforliberty #americanhistory #donttreadonme #2ahistory #sacredrights #naturalrights #humanrights #birthrights #privileges #defendyourrights #keepyourrights
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Marathon & Triathlon Photos

Reykjavík Half-Marathon, 2019
Reykjavík, Iceland

Jungfrau Marathon, 2004
Jungfrau, Switzerland

Marine Corps Marathon
Washington, D.C.

Alcatraz Triathlon, 2001
San Francisco, California

Berlin Marathon, 2019
Berlin, Germany

Berlin Marathon, 2017
Berlin, Germany