Before the U.S. Supreme Court in Castillo v. U.S. (2000)

“Stephen Halbrook is an attorney with extensive knowledge of the historical underpinnings of the Second Amendment and practical knowledge of litigating in this rapidly evolving area of law. His writings include topics as diverse as Gun Control in the Third Reich and The Founders’ Second Amendment, and he was heavily involved in Heller and McDonald.”

– U.S. District Judge Michael J. Reagan
Shepard v. Madigan, 2014 WL 4825592, *7 (S.D. Ill. 2014)

Supreme Court Practice

Comments on ATF Regulation Proposals

Practice Areas

Gun Control Act/National Firearms Act

  • Firearm technical classifications
  • ATF regulatory compliance
  • FFL warning conferences, license denials,
    and revocations
  • Forfeitures
  • Legal disabilities and restoration of civil rights
  • Criminal defense

State and Local Laws

  • “Assault weapon” restrictions
  • Legal status of firearms
  • Challenging restrictions

Civil and Criminal Cases Litigated >>

   

Books

Congressional Testimony

Scholarly Articles

“Banning America’s Rifle: An Assault on the Second Amendment?,” 22 Federalist Society Law Review (June 28, 2021).

“Virginia’s Second Amendment Sanctuaries: Do They Have Legal Effect?,” Regent University Law Review, No. 2, 277 (2020-2021).

“The Eidgenössisches Schützenfest: a Traditional Shooting Festival,” Swiss American Historical Society Review (Nov. 2020).

“To Bear Arms for Self-Defense: A ‘Right of the People’ or a Privilege of the Few? Part 2” Federalist Society Review Vol. 21 (Mar. 31, 2020).

The Right to Bear Arms: For Me, But Not for Thee? 43 Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy 1, 331-46 (Spring 2020).

“To Bear Arms for Self-Defense: A ‘Right of the People’ or a Privilege of the Few? Part 1” Federalist Society Review Vol. 21 (Mar. 23, 2020).

View More Scholarly Articles >>

Op-Eds & Short Articles

TV Appearances

Presentations

Debate on NYSRPA v. Bruen: What Rights Does the 2nd Amendment Guarantee Outside the Home? – The Federalist Society (Nov. 17, 2021)

The Bruen Case in the Supreme Court – University of Texas Law School (Oct. 20, 2021)

2nd Amendment Redux in Supreme Court – Future of Freedom Foundation (Sept. 2021)

Discussing The Right to Bear Arms – The Ben Shapiro Show (June 2021)

View More Presentations >>

Instagram Updates

Eli Whitney, famous for his invention of the cott Eli Whitney, famous for his invention of the cotton gin, was awarded a government contract for 10,000 muskets on this date in 1798.  The Whitney Armory was then built so that interchangeable parts for muskets could be mass-produced.  He later wrote:  "A good musket is a complicated engine and difficult to make — difficult of execution because the conformation of most of its parts correspond with no regular geometrical figure."  (Quote from his 1812 memoir, "The Manufacture of Firearms", located at Yale University)  

For more information see:  eliwhitney.org/7/museum/eli-whitney/arms-production

Photo:   Drawing by inventor Eli Whitney of an improvement in a musket lock.  Yale University Manuscripts & Archives Digital Images Database, 1816
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#eliwhitney #whitneyarmory #eliwhitneyarmory #musket #guns #firearms #firearmshistory #firearmsmanufacturer #rtkba #americanhistory #onthisdate #thisdateinhistory #onthisday #onthisdayinhistory #massproduction #massproduced #governmentcontract #cottongin #connecticuthistory #americaninventor  #eliwhitneymuseum #militaryhistory #militaryweapons #gunhistory #wardepartment #firearmshistory #TheManufactureofFirearms #firearmsmanufacturing #armsmanufacturer #armsmanufacturing

Eli Whitney, famous for his invention of the cotton gin, was awarded a government contract for 10,000 muskets on this date in 1798.  The Whitney Armory was then built so that interchangeable parts for muskets could be mass-produced.  He later wrote:  "A good musket is a complicated engine and difficult to make — difficult of execution because the conformation of most of its parts correspond with no regular geometrical figure."  (Quote from his 1812 memoir, "The Manufacture of Firearms", located at Yale University)  

For more information see:  eliwhitney.org/7/museum/eli-whitney/arms-production

Photo:   Drawing by inventor Eli Whitney of an improvement in a musket lock.  Yale University Manuscripts & Archives Digital Images Database, 1816
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#eliwhitney #whitneyarmory #eliwhitneyarmory #musket #guns #firearms #firearmshistory #firearmsmanufacturer #rtkba #americanhistory #onthisdate #thisdateinhistory #onthisday #onthisdayinhistory #massproduction #massproduced #governmentcontract #cottongin #connecticuthistory #americaninventor  #eliwhitneymuseum #militaryhistory #militaryweapons #gunhistory #wardepartment #firearmshistory #TheManufactureofFirearms #firearmsmanufacturing #armsmanufacturer #armsmanufacturing
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" 'Nothing will make a nation so unconquerable as " 'Nothing will make a nation so unconquerable as a militia, or every man's being trained to arms,' according to James Burgh.  The militia was not a government organization but a people with arms and with knowledge of how to use them."  Burgh wrote Political Disquisitions (1774) one of the most influential Whig treatises in the American colonies.  "He reminded his readers of Aristotle's dictum that those who have arms are masters of the state, of Andrew Fletcher's argument that possession of arms distinguishes freemen from slaves, and of many other sources which argued the virtues of having arms." 

From That Every Man Be Armed: The Evolution of a Constitutional Right, p. 33.
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#JamesBurgh #PoliticalDisquisitions #britishwhig #britishpolitician #aristotle #andrewfletcher #freeman #slaves #militia #1774 #americancolonies 
#2ahistory #2aquotes #rtkba #rtba #righttokeepandbeararms #protectthe2nd #livefreeordie #shallnotbeinfringed #gunrights #armthepeople #downwithtyrants #thateverymanbearmed #protectionfromslavery #armspossession #gunrightsmatter #firearmsknowledge #righttocarry #armedpeople #liberty

" 'Nothing will make a nation so unconquerable as a militia, or every man's being trained to arms,' according to James Burgh.  The militia was not a government organization but a people with arms and with knowledge of how to use them."  Burgh wrote Political Disquisitions (1774) one of the most influential Whig treatises in the American colonies.  "He reminded his readers of Aristotle's dictum that those who have arms are masters of the state, of Andrew Fletcher's argument that possession of arms distinguishes freemen from slaves, and of many other sources which argued the virtues of having arms." 

From That Every Man Be Armed: The Evolution of a Constitutional Right, p. 33.
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#JamesBurgh #PoliticalDisquisitions #britishwhig #britishpolitician #aristotle #andrewfletcher #freeman #slaves #militia #1774 #americancolonies 
#2ahistory #2aquotes #rtkba #rtba #righttokeepandbeararms #protectthe2nd #livefreeordie #shallnotbeinfringed #gunrights #armthepeople #downwithtyrants #thateverymanbearmed #protectionfromslavery #armspossession #gunrightsmatter #firearmsknowledge #righttocarry #armedpeople #liberty
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Sir Winston Churchill was an enthusiastic sport Sir Winston Churchill was an enthusiastic sportsman who enjoyed both shooting and hunting. His gun collection consisted of shotguns, pistols, rifles, and submachine guns.  On December 9, 1920 he received one of the first Firearms Certificates, issued by the Metropolitan Police in London, England.  "The certificate permitted Winston Spencer Churchill (WSC) to possess, ‘a .256 bore Mannlicher Sporting Rifle, a .45 Colt automatic pistol, a 9mm Webley automatic pistol, a .32 Webley automatic pistol and a .450 Wilkinson revolver.' His shotguns never appeared on his licenses as they were not required to be listed until after 1968."

Quote from this nicely detailed article: "Churchill's guns: The Personal Armoury of Sir Winston Churchill," The Field, Aug. 5, 2020.  https://www.thefield.co.uk/shooting/churchills-guns-the-personal-armoury-of-sir-winston-churchill-44492  
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#winstonchurchill #churchill #sirwinstonchurchill #britishhistory #englishhistory #britishhunter #hunting #hunter #hunters #famoushunters #vintagegunphoto #vintagephoto #guncollector #stenmk3 #stensubmachinegun #shotguns #rifles #pistols #submachineguns #personalarmory #winstonchurchillguns #sportsman #webleyandscott #webleyandscottguns #firearmscertificate #mannlicherrifle #colt45 #45colt #450revolver #sportingrifle

Sir Winston Churchill was an enthusiastic sportsman who enjoyed both shooting and hunting. His gun collection consisted of shotguns, pistols, rifles, and submachine guns.  On December 9, 1920 he received one of the first Firearms Certificates, issued by the Metropolitan Police in London, England.  "The certificate permitted Winston Spencer Churchill (WSC) to possess, ‘a .256 bore Mannlicher Sporting Rifle, a .45 Colt automatic pistol, a 9mm Webley automatic pistol, a .32 Webley automatic pistol and a .450 Wilkinson revolver.' His shotguns never appeared on his licenses as they were not required to be listed until after 1968."

Quote from this nicely detailed article: "Churchill's guns: The Personal Armoury of Sir Winston Churchill," The Field, Aug. 5, 2020.  https://www.thefield.co.uk/shooting/churchills-guns-the-personal-armoury-of-sir-winston-churchill-44492  
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#winstonchurchill #churchill #sirwinstonchurchill #britishhistory #englishhistory #britishhunter #hunting #hunter #hunters #famoushunters #vintagegunphoto #vintagephoto #guncollector #stenmk3 #stensubmachinegun #shotguns #rifles #pistols #submachineguns #personalarmory #winstonchurchillguns #sportsman #webleyandscott #webleyandscottguns #firearmscertificate #mannlicherrifle #colt45 #45colt #450revolver #sportingrifle
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"The history of Switzerland's armed neutrality in "The history of Switzerland's armed neutrality in the modern era, including the Swiss' valiant defense of their homeland in World War II, cannot be divorced from the record of her men-at-arms since that first meeting at the Rütli Meadow more than seven hundred years ago.  For centuries, Swiss fighting men earned a reputation as the most ferocious in Europe, and their dominance of the battlefield, combined with their refusal to live under the rule of foreign kings, became a unique example in Europe of the successful defense of a nation's freedoms."

From Target Switzerland: Swiss Armed Neutrality in World War II, p. 2.

Photo:  General Guisan reviews Swiss troops
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#swisshistory #armedswiss #swissresistance #WWIIhistory #Switzerlandhistory #swissarmywwii #armedneutrality #swissarmedneutrality #switzerland #helvetia #schweiz #rütlischwur #rütlischwur1291 #rütli #rütliwiese #guisan #rütlimeadow #wwii #ww2history #targetswitzerland #stayfree #freedom #liberty #resistance #homedefense #neversurrender #swissmilitary #armedpopulace #libertyforever #swissneutrality

"The history of Switzerland's armed neutrality in the modern era, including the Swiss' valiant defense of their homeland in World War II, cannot be divorced from the record of her men-at-arms since that first meeting at the Rütli Meadow more than seven hundred years ago.  For centuries, Swiss fighting men earned a reputation as the most ferocious in Europe, and their dominance of the battlefield, combined with their refusal to live under the rule of foreign kings, became a unique example in Europe of the successful defense of a nation's freedoms."

From Target Switzerland: Swiss Armed Neutrality in World War II, p. 2.

Photo:  General Guisan reviews Swiss troops
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#swisshistory #armedswiss #swissresistance #WWIIhistory #Switzerlandhistory #swissarmywwii #armedneutrality #swissarmedneutrality #switzerland #helvetia #schweiz #rütlischwur #rütlischwur1291 #rütli #rütliwiese #guisan #rütlimeadow #wwii #ww2history #targetswitzerland #stayfree #freedom #liberty #resistance #homedefense #neversurrender #swissmilitary #armedpopulace #libertyforever #swissneutrality
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The highly anticipated oral argument in New York The highly anticipated oral argument in New York State Rifle and Pistol Association v. Bruen took place before the U.S. Supreme Court on Nov. 3, 2021. While predicting the outcome of a Supreme Court decision is hazardous, what was said in this hearing didn’t please gun-control advocates."  

To read a blow-by-blow account of the arguments before the Court in the above case, check out my new article:

Stephen P. Halbrook, “What Will the U.S. Supreme Court Decide?”  America’s 1st Freedom, Jan. 2, 2022. Article can be accessed from my website (stephenhalbrook.com) or: 

https://www.americas1stfreedom.org/articles/2022/1/2/what-will-the-us-supreme-court-decide
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#nysrpavbruen #therighttobeararms #rtkba #rtba #righttobeararms #righttokeepandbeararms #2ndamendment #righttocarry #righttocarryarms #concealedcarry #guncontrol #scotus #2ahistory #2a #secondamendment #constitutionalright #therightofthepeople #shallnotbeinfringed #2acase #nysrpa #nysrpavcorlett #firearmslaws #2ndamendmentrights #2arightsforall #stephenhalbrook #americas1stfreedom #nramagazine #supremecourtjustices  #sensitiveplaces #selfdefense

The highly anticipated oral argument in New York State Rifle and Pistol Association v. Bruen took place before the U.S. Supreme Court on Nov. 3, 2021. While predicting the outcome of a Supreme Court decision is hazardous, what was said in this hearing didn’t please gun-control advocates."  

To read a blow-by-blow account of the arguments before the Court in the above case, check out my new article:

Stephen P. Halbrook, “What Will the U.S. Supreme Court Decide?”  America’s 1st Freedom, Jan. 2, 2022. Article can be accessed from my website (stephenhalbrook.com) or: 

https://www.americas1stfreedom.org/articles/2022/1/2/what-will-the-us-supreme-court-decide
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#nysrpavbruen #therighttobeararms #rtkba #rtba #righttobeararms #righttokeepandbeararms #2ndamendment #righttocarry #righttocarryarms #concealedcarry #guncontrol #scotus #2ahistory #2a #secondamendment #constitutionalright #therightofthepeople #shallnotbeinfringed #2acase #nysrpa #nysrpavcorlett #firearmslaws #2ndamendmentrights #2arightsforall #stephenhalbrook #americas1stfreedom #nramagazine #supremecourtjustices  #sensitiveplaces #selfdefense
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Winchester Model 54 versus a grizzly bear.  Who d Winchester Model 54 versus a grizzly bear.  Who do you think the winner will be?
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 #rifle #rifles #winchesterrifle #winchesterrifles #winchestermodel54 #outdoorlife #hunting #classicad #classicads #gunads #vintagegunads #winchester #vintageads #historyinads #armyourself #huntinglife #rtkba #rtba #2a #2amendment #righttobeararms #winchesterad #winchesteradvertising  #bearhunting #grizzlybearhunting #beprepared #bearsurprise #selfdefense #getoutdoors #sportsman

Winchester Model 54 versus a grizzly bear.  Who do you think the winner will be?
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 #rifle #rifles #winchesterrifle #winchesterrifles #winchestermodel54 #outdoorlife #hunting #classicad #classicads #gunads #vintagegunads #winchester #vintageads #historyinads #armyourself #huntinglife #rtkba #rtba #2a #2amendment #righttobeararms #winchesterad #winchesteradvertising #bearhunting #grizzlybearhunting #beprepared #bearsurprise #selfdefense #getoutdoors #sportsman
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"On April 19, 1775, American patriots bearing thei "On April 19, 1775, American patriots bearing their own firearms stood outside under a bright sun before a contingent of British Redcoats representing the greatest military power on Earth.  These Americans did not bear arms in their living rooms or before their fireplaces, but carried and bore their private firearms prominently in public--on the town common of Concord, Massachusetts.  In Ralph Waldo Emerson's words:  'Here once the embattled farmers stood / And fired the shot heard round the world.' Thus, privately-owned firearms, publicly borne by citizens, launched the American Revolution, and, before long, a new country that became the United States of America."  

From The Right to Bear Arms: A Constitutional Right of the People or a Privilege of the Ruling Class?, pgs. 2-3.

Image: The Battle of Lexington, 19th April 1775, by William Barnes Wollen
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#americanrevoultion #freedom #2ahistory #rtkba #rtba  #therighttobeararms #therighttobeararmshalbrook #righttobeararms #armed #rightofthepeople #armedpeople #keepandbeararms #2a #2ndamendment #righttokeepandbeararms #gunrightsmatter #gunssavelives 
#armyourself  #secondamendment #2amendmentsupporter #constitutionalright #therightofthepeople #ShallNotBeInfringed #ralphwaldoemerson #shotheardroundtheworld #battleofconcord #britishredcoats #tyranny #armedpopulace #americanpatriots

"On April 19, 1775, American patriots bearing their own firearms stood outside under a bright sun before a contingent of British Redcoats representing the greatest military power on Earth.  These Americans did not bear arms in their living rooms or before their fireplaces, but carried and bore their private firearms prominently in public--on the town common of Concord, Massachusetts.  In Ralph Waldo Emerson's words:  'Here once the embattled farmers stood / And fired the shot heard round the world.' Thus, privately-owned firearms, publicly borne by citizens, launched the American Revolution, and, before long, a new country that became the United States of America."  

From The Right to Bear Arms: A Constitutional Right of the People or a Privilege of the Ruling Class?, pgs. 2-3.

Image: The Battle of Lexington, 19th April 1775, by William Barnes Wollen
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#americanrevoultion #freedom #2ahistory #rtkba #rtba  #therighttobeararms #therighttobeararmshalbrook #righttobeararms #armed #rightofthepeople #armedpeople #keepandbeararms #2a #2ndamendment #righttokeepandbeararms #gunrightsmatter #gunssavelives 
#armyourself  #secondamendment #2amendmentsupporter #constitutionalright #therightofthepeople #ShallNotBeInfringed #ralphwaldoemerson #shotheardroundtheworld #battleofconcord #britishredcoats #tyranny #armedpopulace #americanpatriots
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If you'd like to do some reading about the right t If you'd like to do some reading about the right to bear arms, there many articles I have written that can be accessed via my website: stephenhalbrook.com.  My website also has briefs related to cases I've litigated, video of Congressional testimony, presentations, information on my books, and more.  

Shout out to my son Patrick, at Halbrook Designs, for  maintaining my website for many years.  If you are looking for someone to design your website or print materials (posters, programs, brochures, business cards, t-shirts, etc.), just email Patrick at:  halbrookdesigns@gmail.com.  He and his wife are happy to provide free estimates for their services and share samples of their work.  
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#stephenhalbrook #halbrookdesigns #firearmslaw #constitutionalcases #firearmsattorney #firearmslawyer #constitutionalattorney #lawreview #2alitigation  #2a #2ndamendment #rtkba #righttobeararms #uspatriot #individualrights #2ahistory #rtba #righttokeepandbeararms #2amendment #keepandbeararms #therightofthepeople #armedcitizen #gunarticles #constitutionalcases #2acases #firearmslawhistory

If you'd like to do some reading about the right to bear arms, there many articles I have written that can be accessed via my website: stephenhalbrook.com.  My website also has briefs related to cases I've litigated, video of Congressional testimony, presentations, information on my books, and more.  

Shout out to my son Patrick, at Halbrook Designs, for maintaining my website for many years.  If you are looking for someone to design your website or print materials (posters, programs, brochures, business cards, t-shirts, etc.), just email Patrick at:  halbrookdesigns@gmail.com.  He and his wife are happy to provide free estimates for their services and share samples of their work.  
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#stephenhalbrook #halbrookdesigns #firearmslaw #constitutionalcases #firearmsattorney #firearmslawyer #constitutionalattorney #lawreview #2alitigation  #2a #2ndamendment #rtkba #righttobeararms #uspatriot #individualrights #2ahistory #rtba #righttokeepandbeararms #2amendment #keepandbeararms #therightofthepeople #armedcitizen #gunarticles #constitutionalcases #2acases #firearmslawhistory
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Marathon & Triathlon Photos

Reykjavík Half-Marathon, 2019
Reykjavík, Iceland

Jungfrau Marathon, 2004
Jungfrau, Switzerland

Marine Corps Marathon
Washington, D.C.

Alcatraz Triathlon, 2001
San Francisco, California

Berlin Marathon, 2019
Berlin, Germany

Berlin Marathon, 2017
Berlin, Germany