Before the U.S. Supreme Court in Castillo v. U.S. (2000)

“Stephen Halbrook is an attorney with extensive knowledge of the historical underpinnings of the Second Amendment and practical knowledge of litigating in this rapidly evolving area of law. His writings include topics as diverse as Gun Control in the Third Reich and The Founders’ Second Amendment, and he was heavily involved in Heller and McDonald.”

– U.S. District Judge Michael J. Reagan
Shepard v. Madigan, 2014 WL 4825592, *7 (S.D. Ill. 2014)

Supreme Court Practice

Comments on ATF Regulation Proposals

Practice Areas

Gun Control Act/National Firearms Act

  • Firearm technical classifications
  • ATF regulatory compliance
  • FFL warning conferences, license denials,
    and revocations
  • Forfeitures
  • Legal disabilities and restoration of civil rights
  • Criminal defense

State and Local Laws

  • “Assault weapon” restrictions
  • Legal status of firearms
  • Challenging restrictions

Civil and Criminal Cases Litigated >>

   

Books

Congressional Testimony

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Scholarly Articles

“Право народа на хранение и ношение оружия: вторая поправка билля о правах сша” [“The Right of the People to Keep and Bear Arms: the Second Amendment in the U.S. Bill of Rights”], 2 Ukrainian Law Journal “Law of the USA” (2013), 240-50.

“The Right of the People to Keep and Bear Arms: the Second Amendment in the U.S. Bill of Rights,” 2 Ukrainian Law Journal “Law of the USA” (2013), 240-50.

“Banning America’s Rifle: An Assault on the Second Amendment?,” 22 Federalist Society Law Review (June 28, 2021).

“Virginia’s Second Amendment Sanctuaries: Do They Have Legal Effect?,” Regent University Law Review, No. 2, 277 (2020-2021).

“The Eidgenössisches Schützenfest: a Traditional Shooting Festival,” Swiss American Historical Society Review (Nov. 2020).

“To Bear Arms for Self-Defense: A ‘Right of the People’ or a Privilege of the Few? Part 2” Federalist Society Review Vol. 21 (Mar. 31, 2020).

The Right to Bear Arms: For Me, But Not for Thee? 43 Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy 1, 331-46 (Spring 2020).

“To Bear Arms for Self-Defense: A ‘Right of the People’ or a Privilege of the Few? Part 1” Federalist Society Review Vol. 21 (Mar. 23, 2020).

View More Scholarly Articles >>

Op-Eds & Short Articles

TV Appearances

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Presentations

Debate on NYSRPA v. Bruen: What Rights Does the 2nd Amendment Guarantee Outside the Home? – The Federalist Society (Nov. 17, 2021)

The Bruen Case in the Supreme Court – University of Texas Law School (Oct. 20, 2021)

2nd Amendment Redux in Supreme Court – Future of Freedom Foundation (Sept. 2021)

Discussing The Right to Bear Arms – The Ben Shapiro Show (June 2021)

View More Presentations >>

Instagram Updates

If you're a woman alone for the afternoon on a ran If you're a woman alone for the afternoon on a ranch in Montana in the 1890s, and a stranger suddenly surprises you and gives you all the wrong vibes, what should you do?  Nannie Alderson knew how to handle the situation.  She recalled:  "I cooked him a dinner with my husband's six shooter and belt buckled on under my apron."  And for good measure she later tucked a straight razor into the front of her corset.  

From A Bride Goes West by Nannie T. Alderson and Helena Huntington Smith.

My daughter, Lisa, highly recommends this memoir by Nannie Alderson, a woman who started a little ranch in Montana with her new husband in 1882.  The book is full of stories about ranching, people, and conflict with the land and Indians.  It was a hard, dangerous, and yet exciting and rewarding time to be a pioneer out west.

Photo caption: "This lass is dressed in the latest fashion—for the late 19th century, that is—including her then-high-tech Colt Lightning pump-action carbine." 
[truewestmagazine.com/lightning-without-thunder/]
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#womenoftheamericanwest #womenshooters #womenandguns #vintagephoto #oldwest #wildwest #oldwest #americanwest 
#americanhistory #memoir #abridegoeswest #helenahuntingtonsmith #historicalmemoir #lifeonaranch #montanaranch #montanahomestead #cowgirl #cowboys #nannieAlderson #nannieTalderson #cowboysandindians #montanahistory #homestead #pioneer #coltlightning #coltpumpactioncarbine #coltcarbine #pumpaction #pumpactioncarbine #womenandguns #selfdefense #selfprotection

If you're a woman alone for the afternoon on a ranch in Montana in the 1890s, and a stranger suddenly surprises you and gives you all the wrong vibes, what should you do?  Nannie Alderson knew how to handle the situation.  She recalled:  "I cooked him a dinner with my husband's six shooter and belt buckled on under my apron."  And for good measure she later tucked a straight razor into the front of her corset.  

From A Bride Goes West by Nannie T. Alderson and Helena Huntington Smith.

My daughter, Lisa, highly recommends this memoir by Nannie Alderson, a woman who started a little ranch in Montana with her new husband in 1882.  The book is full of stories about ranching, people, and conflict with the land and Indians.  It was a hard, dangerous, and yet exciting and rewarding time to be a pioneer out west.

Photo caption: "This lass is dressed in the latest fashion—for the late 19th century, that is—including her then-high-tech Colt Lightning pump-action carbine." 
[truewestmagazine.com/lightning-without-thunder/]
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#womenoftheamericanwest #womenshooters #womenandguns #vintagephoto #oldwest #wildwest #oldwest #americanwest 
#americanhistory #memoir #abridegoeswest #helenahuntingtonsmith #historicalmemoir #lifeonaranch #montanaranch #montanahomestead #cowgirl #cowboys #nannieAlderson #nannieTalderson #cowboysandindians #montanahistory #homestead #pioneer #coltlightning #coltpumpactioncarbine #coltcarbine #pumpaction #pumpactioncarbine #womenandguns #selfdefense #selfprotection
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Firearms possession in Nazi occupied France w Firearms possession in Nazi occupied France was punishable by death.  Citizens were executed for possession of firearms on an almost daily basis.  Le Matin, a French newspaper that took a pro-Nazi stance during the war, often condemned those who dared defy the Nazis and hid arms and explosives. For those who were caught and arrested, Le Matin found their swift executions to be just.  The October 25, 1941 issue of Le Matin had this tongue-lashing: "They were keeping arms, why? There are people who foolishly or deliberately hide arsenals at home. . . . Anyone in possession of a pistol or a gun can only be looked at as a potential assassin.  And expect the most serious sanctions." 

From Halbrook, Gun Control in Nazi-Occupied France, p. 114.

Photo caption: "Members of the French Resistance being taken for execution after a trial, Paris, 14 April 1942"
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#lematin #lematinnewspaper #1941 #explosives #arsenalfirearms #franceguncontrol #wwii #gunconfiscation #firearmsconfiscation  #firearmsban #wwiihistory #frenchguncontrol #nazifrance #naziguncontrol #guncontrol #nazioccupiedfrance #righttobeararms #gunregistration #guncontrolinnazioccupiedfrance #nazilaws #disarm #ww2history #wwiihistory #rtkba #righttobeararms #francehistory #turninyourweapons #possessionofarms #resistance #frenchresistance

Firearms possession in Nazi occupied France was punishable by death.  Citizens were executed for possession of firearms on an almost daily basis.  Le Matin, a French newspaper that took a pro-Nazi stance during the war, often condemned those who dared defy the Nazis and hid arms and explosives. For those who were caught and arrested, Le Matin found their swift executions to be just.  The October 25, 1941 issue of Le Matin had this tongue-lashing: "They were keeping arms, why? There are people who foolishly or deliberately hide arsenals at home. . . . Anyone in possession of a pistol or a gun can only be looked at as a potential assassin.  And expect the most serious sanctions." 

From Halbrook, Gun Control in Nazi-Occupied France, p. 114.

Photo caption: "Members of the French Resistance being taken for execution after a trial, Paris, 14 April 1942"
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#lematin #lematinnewspaper #1941 #explosives #arsenalfirearms #franceguncontrol #wwii #gunconfiscation #firearmsconfiscation  #firearmsban #wwiihistory #frenchguncontrol #nazifrance #naziguncontrol #guncontrol #nazioccupiedfrance #righttobeararms #gunregistration #guncontrolinnazioccupiedfrance #nazilaws #disarm #ww2history #wwiihistory #rtkba #righttobeararms #francehistory #turninyourweapons #possessionofarms #resistance #frenchresistance
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August is National Shooting Sports Month which me August is National Shooting Sports Month which means it's time to spend a fun day at a gun range practicing target-shooting sports.  Rifles, handguns, shotguns ... targets, clays ... shooting offers variety. According to NSSF, "Millions of Americans have purchased their first firearm over the last two years and millions more show great interest in learning about recreational shooting . . . ."  If you're an experienced shooter, this is a great time to help teach the novice some shooting skills. 

NSSF has plenty of help and suggestions on their website for ways that both new and experienced shooters can participate: https://www.letsgoshooting.org/

Photo: I enjoyed working with some of my grandsons earlier this year and teaching them to shoot both with different guns and in different positions.
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#letsgoshooting #nssf #NationalShootingSportsFoundation #NationalShootingSportsMonth #shootingsportsmonth #americanfreedom #americantradition #keepandbeararms #2a #rtkba #rtba #2ndamendment #righttobeararms #righttokeepandbeararms #2afreedom #shootingsports #shootingtradition #firearm #firearms #shootingskill #shootingguns #shooting #teachingshooting #shootinglessons #targetpractice #shootmore #learntoshoot #firearmstraining #teachkidstoshoot #teachkidstoshootsafely

August is National Shooting Sports Month which means it's time to spend a fun day at a gun range practicing target-shooting sports.  Rifles, handguns, shotguns ... targets, clays ... shooting offers variety. According to NSSF, "Millions of Americans have purchased their first firearm over the last two years and millions more show great interest in learning about recreational shooting . . . ."  If you're an experienced shooter, this is a great time to help teach the novice some shooting skills. 

NSSF has plenty of help and suggestions on their website for ways that both new and experienced shooters can participate: https://www.letsgoshooting.org/

Photo: I enjoyed working with some of my grandsons earlier this year and teaching them to shoot both with different guns and in different positions.
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#letsgoshooting #nssf #NationalShootingSportsFoundation #NationalShootingSportsMonth #shootingsportsmonth #americanfreedom #americantradition #keepandbeararms #2a #rtkba #rtba #2ndamendment #righttobeararms #righttokeepandbeararms #2afreedom #shootingsports #shootingtradition #firearm #firearms #shootingskill #shootingguns #shooting #teachingshooting #shootinglessons #targetpractice #shootmore #learntoshoot #firearmstraining #teachkidstoshoot #teachkidstoshootsafely
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"From the time the Commonwealth of Virginia was fi "From the time the Commonwealth of Virginia was first settled in 1607 through the early nineteenth century, a free person could peaceably carry a firearm openly or concealed.  Restrictions on carrying a pistol, dirk, or like edged weapon hidden from common observation would not be enacted until 1838.  Today, it remains lawful in Virginia to carry firearms openly, i.e., visible to the public, while a permit to carry a concealed handgun is required but is available to the citizenry at large." 

From Halbrook, The Right to Bear Arms: A Constitutional Right of the People or a Privilege of the Ruling Class?, p. 113.

Photo:  Open carry at All Around Pizza in Virginia Beach. In 2013, customers with guns or concealed carry permits received a 15% discount.  The restaurant is now closed, but it must have been an especially safe place to eat.
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#opencarry #concealedcarry #concealedhandgun #ccw #gunlicense #licensetocarry #carrylicense #2ahistory #rtkba #rtba #therighttobeararms #therighttobeararmshalbrook #righttobeararms #rightofthepeople #armedpeople #keepandbeararms #2a #2ndamendment #righttokeepandbeararms #supportthesecondamendment #armedcitizens #virginialaws #2ndamendmentrights #firearmslaw #gunowner #vagunlaws #vagunowners #guncontrol #gunrestrictions #commonwealthofvirginia

"From the time the Commonwealth of Virginia was first settled in 1607 through the early nineteenth century, a free person could peaceably carry a firearm openly or concealed.  Restrictions on carrying a pistol, dirk, or like edged weapon hidden from common observation would not be enacted until 1838.  Today, it remains lawful in Virginia to carry firearms openly, i.e., visible to the public, while a permit to carry a concealed handgun is required but is available to the citizenry at large." 

From Halbrook, The Right to Bear Arms: A Constitutional Right of the People or a Privilege of the Ruling Class?, p. 113.

Photo:  Open carry at All Around Pizza in Virginia Beach. In 2013, customers with guns or concealed carry permits received a 15% discount.  The restaurant is now closed, but it must have been an especially safe place to eat.
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#opencarry #concealedcarry #concealedhandgun #ccw #gunlicense #licensetocarry #carrylicense #2ahistory #rtkba #rtba #therighttobeararms #therighttobeararmshalbrook #righttobeararms #rightofthepeople #armedpeople #keepandbeararms #2a #2ndamendment #righttokeepandbeararms #supportthesecondamendment #armedcitizens #virginialaws #2ndamendmentrights #firearmslaw #gunowner #vagunlaws #vagunowners #guncontrol #gunrestrictions #commonwealthofvirginia
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"Roman philosophy and history embodied significant "Roman philosophy and history embodied significant lessons concerning the social and political characteristics of armed and disarmed populaces.  On the one hand, Roman citizenship, particularly during the republican epoch, included a right to keep and bear arms for individual or collective self-defense.  On the other hand, aggression against both 'barbarians' and Roman citizens by Roman tyrants and empire builders was coupled with the policy of disarming and then eliminating their opponents." 

From Halbrook, That Every Man Be Armed: The Evolution of a Constitutional Right, p. 14.
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#romanhistory #rtba #rtkba #rkba #weaponlaw #weaponlaws #righttocarry #righttobeararms #beararms #firearmslaws #2ahistory #thateverymanbearmed #armedpopulace #armedcitizen #firearmslawhistory #roman #republicanrome #romarepubblicana #romanarmy #bearingarms #romanphilosophy  #disarmedpopulace #selfdefense #collectiveselfdefense #firearmshistory #bearingarms #disarm #barbarians #romancitizen #tyrants

"Roman philosophy and history embodied significant lessons concerning the social and political characteristics of armed and disarmed populaces.  On the one hand, Roman citizenship, particularly during the republican epoch, included a right to keep and bear arms for individual or collective self-defense.  On the other hand, aggression against both 'barbarians' and Roman citizens by Roman tyrants and empire builders was coupled with the policy of disarming and then eliminating their opponents." 

From Halbrook, That Every Man Be Armed: The Evolution of a Constitutional Right, p. 14.
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#romanhistory #rtba #rtkba #rkba #weaponlaw #weaponlaws #righttocarry #righttobeararms #beararms #firearmslaws #2ahistory #thateverymanbearmed #armedpopulace #armedcitizen #firearmslawhistory #roman #republicanrome #romarepubblicana #romanarmy #bearingarms #romanphilosophy  #disarmedpopulace #selfdefense #collectiveselfdefense #firearmshistory #bearingarms #disarm #barbarians #romancitizen #tyrants
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"We know of no other constitutional right that an "We know of no other constitutional right that an individual may exercise only after demonstrating to government officers some special need. That is not how the First Amendment works when it comes to unpopular speech or the free exercise of religion. It is not how the Sixth Amendment works when it comes to a defendant’s right to confront the witnesses against him. And it is not how the Second Amendment works when it comes to public carry for self-defense.”  -- Justice Thomas, NYSRPA v. Bruen   
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#nysrpavbruen #naaga #therighttobeararms #rtkba #rtba #righttobeararms #2ndamendment #righttocarry #concealedcarry #shallissue #2a #secondamendment #constitutionalright #therightofthepeople #shallnotbeinfringed #carryagun #2acase #nysrpa #firearmslaws #2ndamendmentrights #2arightsforall #selfdefense #texthistorytradition #ccw #justicethomas #1stamendment #6thamendment #publiccarry

"We know of no other constitutional right that an individual may exercise only after demonstrating to government officers some special need. That is not how the First Amendment works when it comes to unpopular speech or the free exercise of religion. It is not how the Sixth Amendment works when it comes to a defendant’s right to confront the witnesses against him. And it is not how the Second Amendment works when it comes to public carry for self-defense.”  -- Justice Thomas, NYSRPA v. Bruen   
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#nysrpavbruen #naaga #therighttobeararms #rtkba #rtba #righttobeararms #2ndamendment #righttocarry #concealedcarry #shallissue #2a #secondamendment #constitutionalright #therightofthepeople #shallnotbeinfringed #carryagun #2acase #nysrpa #firearmslaws #2ndamendmentrights #2arightsforall #selfdefense #texthistorytradition #ccw #justicethomas #1stamendment #6thamendment #publiccarry
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Last week I spoke with America's 1st Freedom Edi Last week I spoke with America's 1st Freedom Editor-in-Chief Frank Miniter about the Supreme Court's recent decision in New York State Rifle & Pistol Association v. Bruen and the broader ramifications of the case.

The name of the episode is "Halbrook Explains the Bruen Decision" and can be viewed on YouTube at NRAPubs channel: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5LtjoDVjz_I

Or on America's 1st Freedom website at: https://www.americas1stfreedom.org/content/halbrook-explains-the-bruen-decision/
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#nysrpavbruen #naaga #therighttobeararms #rtkba #rtba #righttobeararms #2ndamendment #righttocarry #concealedcarry #shallissue #2a #secondamendment #constitutionalright #therightofthepeople #shallnotbeinfringed #carryagun #2acase #nysrpa #firearmslaws #2ndamendmentrights #2arightsforall #selfdefense #firearmslicense #sensitiveplaces #firearmscases  #stephenhalbrook #americas1stfreedom #texthistorytradition #ccw #justicethomas

Last week I spoke with America's 1st Freedom Editor-in-Chief Frank Miniter about the Supreme Court's recent decision in New York State Rifle & Pistol Association v. Bruen and the broader ramifications of the case.

The name of the episode is "Halbrook Explains the Bruen Decision" and can be viewed on YouTube at NRAPubs channel: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5LtjoDVjz_I

Or on America's 1st Freedom website at: https://www.americas1stfreedom.org/content/halbrook-explains-the-bruen-decision/
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#nysrpavbruen #naaga #therighttobeararms #rtkba #rtba #righttobeararms #2ndamendment #righttocarry #concealedcarry #shallissue #2a #secondamendment #constitutionalright #therightofthepeople #shallnotbeinfringed #carryagun #2acase #nysrpa #firearmslaws #2ndamendmentrights #2arightsforall #selfdefense #firearmslicense #sensitiveplaces #firearmscases  #stephenhalbrook #americas1stfreedom #texthistorytradition #ccw #justicethomas
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Marathon & Triathlon Photos

Reykjavík Half-Marathon, 2019
Reykjavík, Iceland

Jungfrau Marathon, 2004
Jungfrau, Switzerland

Marine Corps Marathon
Washington, D.C.

Alcatraz Triathlon, 2001
San Francisco, California

Berlin Marathon, 2019
Berlin, Germany

Berlin Marathon, 2017
Berlin, Germany