Before the U.S. Supreme Court in Castillo v. U.S. (2000)

“Stephen Halbrook is an attorney with extensive knowledge of the historical underpinnings of the Second Amendment and practical knowledge of litigating in this rapidly evolving area of law. His writings include topics as diverse as Gun Control in the Third Reich and The Founders’ Second Amendment, and he was heavily involved in Heller and McDonald.”

– U.S. District Judge Michael J. Reagan
Shepard v. Madigan, 2014 WL 4825592, *7 (S.D. Ill. 2014)

Supreme Court Practice

Comments on ATF Regulation Proposals

Practice Areas

Gun Control Act/National Firearms Act

  • Firearm technical classifications
  • ATF regulatory compliance
  • FFL warning conferences, license denials,
    and revocations
  • Forfeitures
  • Legal disabilities and restoration of civil rights
  • Criminal defense

State and Local Laws

  • “Assault weapon” restrictions
  • Legal status of firearms
  • Challenging restrictions

Civil and Criminal Cases Litigated >>

   

Books

Congressional Testimony

Scholarly Articles

“Banning America’s Rifle: An Assault on the Second Amendment?,” 22 Federalist Society Law Review (June 28, 2021).

“Virginia’s Second Amendment Sanctuaries: Do They Have Legal Effect?,” Regent University Law Review, No. 2, 277 (2020-2021).

“The Eidgenössisches Schützenfest: a Traditional Shooting Festival,” Swiss American Historical Society Review (Nov. 2020).

“To Bear Arms for Self-Defense: A ‘Right of the People’ or a Privilege of the Few? Part 2” Federalist Society Review Vol. 21 (Mar. 31, 2020).

The Right to Bear Arms: For Me, But Not for Thee? 43 Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy 1, 331-46 (Spring 2020).

“To Bear Arms for Self-Defense: A ‘Right of the People’ or a Privilege of the Few? Part 1” Federalist Society Review Vol. 21 (Mar. 23, 2020).

View More Scholarly Articles >>

Op-Eds & Short Articles

TV Appearances

Presentations

Debate on NYSRPA v. Bruen: What Rights Does the 2nd Amendment Guarantee Outside the Home? – The Federalist Society (Nov. 17, 2021)

The Bruen Case in the Supreme Court – University of Texas Law School (Oct. 20, 2021)

2nd Amendment Redux in Supreme Court – Future of Freedom Foundation (Sept. 2021)

Discussing The Right to Bear Arms – The Ben Shapiro Show (June 2021)

View More Presentations >>

Instagram Updates

"Little more can reasonably be aimed at with respe "Little more can reasonably be aimed at with respect to the people at large than to have them properly armed and equipped . . . ."  Alexander Hamilton, The Federalist No. 29, Documentary History of the Ratification of the Constitution, vol. 15, at 320.  Cited in The Founders' Second Amendment, p. 181.
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#militia #standingarmy #thefederalist #thefederalistpapers #federalistpapers #publius #alexanderhamilton #foundingfathers #thefounderssecondamendment #constitution #usconstitution #ushistory #foundingfathersofamerica #historybuff #historygeek #2ahistory #constitutionalrights #patriot #foundingfather #liberty #2a #2ndamendment #rtkba #righttobeararms #defendthe2nd #hamilton #federalist29 #properlyarmed #rtba

"Little more can reasonably be aimed at with respect to the people at large than to have them properly armed and equipped . . . ."  Alexander Hamilton, The Federalist No. 29, Documentary History of the Ratification of the Constitution, vol. 15, at 320.  Cited in The Founders' Second Amendment, p. 181.
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#militia #standingarmy #thefederalist #thefederalistpapers #federalistpapers #publius #alexanderhamilton #foundingfathers #thefounderssecondamendment #constitution #usconstitution #ushistory #foundingfathersofamerica #historybuff #historygeek #2ahistory #constitutionalrights #patriot #foundingfather #liberty #2a #2ndamendment #rtkba #righttobeararms #defendthe2nd #hamilton #federalist29 #properlyarmed #rtba
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"That the hunting instinct is inherent with man is "That the hunting instinct is inherent with man is an accepted psychological fact: that the sport of shooting, as a natural sequence, was the original great sport of mankind is readily proved."  Diana of the Traps (Wilmington, Del.: Du Pont Powder Co., 1914), 1.

Image: 1904 Stevens Rifle Ad
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#gunads #vintagegunads #stevensrifle #stevensrifles #stevensriflead #vintageads #historyinads #huntinglife #womenhunters #womenthathunt #outdoorswoman #outdoorlife #rtkba #rtba #2a #2amendment #righttobeararms #stevensad #dupontpowder #couplesthathunttogether #couplesthathunttogetherstaytogether #hunter #hunting #huntingisfun #sportsman #rifle #rifles #rifleman #Outdoorsman  #huntingquote

"That the hunting instinct is inherent with man is an accepted psychological fact: that the sport of shooting, as a natural sequence, was the original great sport of mankind is readily proved."  Diana of the Traps (Wilmington, Del.: Du Pont Powder Co., 1914), 1.

Image: 1904 Stevens Rifle Ad
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#gunads #vintagegunads #stevensrifle #stevensrifles #stevensriflead #vintageads #historyinads #huntinglife #womenhunters #womenthathunt #outdoorswoman #outdoorlife #rtkba #rtba #2a #2amendment #righttobeararms #stevensad #dupontpowder #couplesthathunttogether #couplesthathunttogetherstaytogether #hunter #hunting #huntingisfun #sportsman #rifle #rifles #rifleman #Outdoorsman  #huntingquote
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"John Hancock averred in his oration on the fourth "John Hancock averred in his oration on the fourth anniversary of the Boston Massacre: 'From a well regulated militia we have nothing to fear. . . . They fight for their houses, their lands, for their wives, their children, for all who claim the tenderest names, and are held dearest in their hearts, they fight pro aris & focis, for their liberty, and for themselves, and for their God.' Hancock added that 'no militia ever appear'd in more flourishing condition, than that of this province now doth . . . .' " 

From The Founders' Second Amendment: Origins of the Right to Bear Arms, p.31. 

Portrait of John Hancock by John Singleton Copley.
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#johnhancock #foundingfather #foundingfatherquote #foundingfatherquotes #bostonmassacre #americanrevolution #revolutionarywar #bostonmassacre1770  #militia #colonialmilitia #ushistory #americanhistory #thefounderssecondamendment #2ahistory #2ndamendmenthistory #rtba #rtkba #righttobeararms #colonialamerica #uspatriot #individualrights #armedcitizen #keepandbeararms #americanpatriots #defendyourfamily #defendproperty #defendliberty #beararms #fightforliberty #JohnSingletonCopley

"John Hancock averred in his oration on the fourth anniversary of the Boston Massacre: 'From a well regulated militia we have nothing to fear. . . . They fight for their houses, their lands, for their wives, their children, for all who claim the tenderest names, and are held dearest in their hearts, they fight pro aris & focis, for their liberty, and for themselves, and for their God.' Hancock added that 'no militia ever appear'd in more flourishing condition, than that of this province now doth . . . .' " 

From The Founders' Second Amendment: Origins of the Right to Bear Arms, p.31. 

Portrait of John Hancock by John Singleton Copley.
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#johnhancock #foundingfather #foundingfatherquote #foundingfatherquotes #bostonmassacre #americanrevolution #revolutionarywar #bostonmassacre1770  #militia #colonialmilitia #ushistory #americanhistory #thefounderssecondamendment #2ahistory #2ndamendmenthistory #rtba #rtkba #righttobeararms #colonialamerica #uspatriot #individualrights #armedcitizen #keepandbeararms #americanpatriots #defendyourfamily #defendproperty #defendliberty #beararms #fightforliberty #JohnSingletonCopley
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Shot this button buck at 140 yards with 7.5 Creedm Shot this button buck at 140 yards with 7.5 Creedmoor cartridge in S&W M&P-10 rifle.  Our beagle went crazy!
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#creedmoor #75creedmoor #mandp10 #riflehunting #deerhunting #deerhuntingseason #deerhunting2021 #wvhunting #riflehunter #hunting #venison #americandeer #buttonbuck #buckhunting #hunter #lawyersthathunt #attorneysthathunts #hunt #righttohunt #gamehunting #huntinglife #outdoorlife #hunters #fieldhunting #gohunt #rtkba #rtba #beagle #thanksgivinghunt #thanksgivinghunting

Shot this button buck at 140 yards with 7.5 Creedmoor cartridge in S&W M&P-10 rifle.  Our beagle went crazy!
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#creedmoor #75creedmoor #mandp10 #riflehunting #deerhunting #deerhuntingseason #deerhunting2021 #wvhunting #riflehunter #hunting #venison #americandeer #buttonbuck #buckhunting #hunter #lawyersthathunt #attorneysthathunts #hunt #righttohunt #gamehunting #huntinglife #outdoorlife #hunters #fieldhunting #gohunt #rtkba #rtba #beagle #thanksgivinghunt #thanksgivinghunting
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Thanksgiving Day, celebrated tomorrow here in the Thanksgiving Day, celebrated tomorrow here in the United States, has become focused on food and football.  At the very first Thanksgiving, that is the 1621 event in Plymouth that became the model for our Thanksgiving holiday, there was plenty of food.  But instead of football, the Pilgrims and Indians enjoyed some target shooting with their firearms.  Edward Winslow described the celebration in a letter to a friend in England:  "amongst other recreations, we exercised our arms, . . . "

For Winslow's entire quote, go to: https://www.plimoth.org/learn/just-kids/homework-help/thanksgiving/thanksgiving-history 
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#thanksgiving2021 #firstthanksgiving #1stthanksgiving #turkeyday #pilgrims #pilgrimsandindians #indians #thanksgivingday #thanksgiving1621 #thanksgivingfact #edwardwinslow #plimoth #plimothplantation #happythanksgiving #shooting #shootingmatch #shootingcompetition #excercisedourarms #thanksgivinghistory #newengland #nativeamericans #ushistory #americanhistory #rtkba #rtba #righttobeararms #1621 #massasoit #fallharvest #huntforfood

Thanksgiving Day, celebrated tomorrow here in the United States, has become focused on food and football.  At the very first Thanksgiving, that is the 1621 event in Plymouth that became the model for our Thanksgiving holiday, there was plenty of food.  But instead of football, the Pilgrims and Indians enjoyed some target shooting with their firearms.  Edward Winslow described the celebration in a letter to a friend in England:  "amongst other recreations, we exercised our arms, . . . "

For Winslow's entire quote, go to: https://www.plimoth.org/learn/just-kids/homework-help/thanksgiving/thanksgiving-history 
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#thanksgiving2021 #firstthanksgiving #1stthanksgiving #turkeyday #pilgrims #pilgrimsandindians #indians #thanksgivingday #thanksgiving1621 #thanksgivingfact #edwardwinslow #plimoth #plimothplantation #happythanksgiving #shooting #shootingmatch #shootingcompetition #excercisedourarms #thanksgivinghistory #newengland #nativeamericans #ushistory #americanhistory #rtkba #rtba #righttobeararms #1621 #massasoit #fallharvest #huntforfood
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Consider this:  "If keeping and bearing arms was Consider this:  "If keeping and bearing arms was a 'right' only of 'the militia, when in actual service,' the Framers certainly would have so stated.  It would have been odd, when guaranteeing 'the right of the people to keep and bear arms,' had the Framers really meant 'the right of the militia to keep and bear arms when authorized and activated by the government.' "

From The Right to Bear Arms: A Constitutional Right of the People or a Privilege of the Ruling Class?, pg. 17.
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#americanhistory #ushistory #freedom #2ahistory #rtkba #rtba  #therighttobeararms #therighttobeararmshalbrook #righttobeararms #armed #rightofthepeople #armedpeople #keepandbeararms #2a #2ndamendment #righttokeepandbeararms #gunrightsmatter #secondamendment #2amendmentsupporter #constitutionalright #therightofthepeople #ShallNotBeInfringed #foundingfathers #framersoftheconstitution #militia #americanmilitia #originalintent #rightofthepeople #huntingphoto

Consider this:  "If keeping and bearing arms was a 'right' only of 'the militia, when in actual service,' the Framers certainly would have so stated.  It would have been odd, when guaranteeing 'the right of the people to keep and bear arms,' had the Framers really meant 'the right of the militia to keep and bear arms when authorized and activated by the government.' "

From The Right to Bear Arms: A Constitutional Right of the People or a Privilege of the Ruling Class?, pg. 17.
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#americanhistory #ushistory #freedom #2ahistory #rtkba #rtba  #therighttobeararms #therighttobeararmshalbrook #righttobeararms #armed #rightofthepeople #armedpeople #keepandbeararms #2a #2ndamendment #righttokeepandbeararms #gunrightsmatter #secondamendment #2amendmentsupporter #constitutionalright #therightofthepeople #ShallNotBeInfringed #foundingfathers #framersoftheconstitution #militia #americanmilitia #originalintent #rightofthepeople #huntingphoto
...

Regarding the Rittenhouse trial, yesterday's ve Regarding the  Rittenhouse trial, yesterday's verdict by the jury that Kyle Rittenhouse was not guilty on all five counts was excellent news.  The day before, I had discussed with Dana Loesch ( @dloesch ) on The First TV the possible reason for the jury taking so long to reach their decision was they wanted to review all the facts carefully to make sure a not guilty verdict was correct.

The interview (about 2 minutes long) has been posted on "The First" channel with the title "MSNBC Banned From Rittenhouse Trial" (Nov. 18).  The direct link is:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cyKXHs1qUfo&feature=youtu.be&ab_channel=TheFirst
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#DanaLoesch #DanaRadio #TheDanaShow #thefirstontv #stephenhalbrook #kylerittenhouse #rittenhousetrial #selfdefense #gunssavelives #defendyourself 
#therighttobeararms #rtkba #rtba #righttobeararms #righttokeepandbeararms #2ndamendment #righttocarry #righttocarryarms #guncontrol #2ahistory #2a #secondamendment #constitutionalright #therightofthepeople #shallnotbeinfringed #2ndamendmentrights #2arightsforall

Regarding the Rittenhouse trial, yesterday's verdict by the jury that Kyle Rittenhouse was not guilty on all five counts was excellent news.  The day before, I had discussed with Dana Loesch ( @dloesch ) on The First TV the possible reason for the jury taking so long to reach their decision was they wanted to review all the facts carefully to make sure a not guilty verdict was correct.

The interview (about 2 minutes long) has been posted on "The First" channel with the title "MSNBC Banned From Rittenhouse Trial" (Nov. 18).  The direct link is:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cyKXHs1qUfo&feature=youtu.be&ab_channel=TheFirst
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#DanaLoesch #DanaRadio #TheDanaShow #thefirstontv #stephenhalbrook #kylerittenhouse #rittenhousetrial #selfdefense #gunssavelives #defendyourself 
#therighttobeararms #rtkba #rtba #righttobeararms #righttokeepandbeararms #2ndamendment #righttocarry #righttocarryarms #guncontrol #2ahistory #2a #secondamendment #constitutionalright #therightofthepeople #shallnotbeinfringed #2ndamendmentrights #2arightsforall
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Marathon & Triathlon Photos

Reykjavík Half-Marathon, 2019
Reykjavík, Iceland

Jungfrau Marathon, 2004
Jungfrau, Switzerland

Marine Corps Marathon
Washington, D.C.

Alcatraz Triathlon, 2001
San Francisco, California

Berlin Marathon, 2019
Berlin, Germany

Berlin Marathon, 2017
Berlin, Germany