Before the U.S. Supreme Court in Castillo v. U.S. (2000)

“Stephen Halbrook is an attorney with extensive knowledge of the historical underpinnings of the Second Amendment and practical knowledge of litigating in this rapidly evolving area of law. His writings include topics as diverse as Gun Control in the Third Reich and The Founders’ Second Amendment, and he was heavily involved in Heller and McDonald.”

– U.S. District Judge Michael J. Reagan
Shepard v. Madigan, 2014 WL 4825592, *7 (S.D. Ill. 2014)

Supreme Court Practice

Practice Areas

Gun Control Act/National Firearms Act

  • Firearm technical classifications
  • ATF regulatory compliance
  • FFL warning conferences, license denials,
    and revocations
  • Forfeitures
  • Legal disabilities and restoration of civil rights
  • Criminal defense

State and Local Laws

  • “Assault weapon” restrictions
  • Legal status of firearms
  • Challenging restrictions

Civil and Criminal Cases Litigated >>

Books

Congressional Testimony

Scholarly Articles

Op-Eds & Short Articles

“The Long March to Restore the Second Amendment in New York,” America’s 1st Freedom, Jan. 26, 2021.

“The Truth about NICS,” America’s 1st Freedom, Nov. 25, 2020.

“Ballot Initiatives: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly,” America’s 1st Freedom, August 31, 2020.

“How Does New York City Get Away with This?” America’s 1st Freedom, July 26, 2020.

“Will the Second Amendment Survive Coronavirus?” National Review, Mar. 30, 2020, and Independent Institute, Mar. 31, 2020.

“What Makes a Gun a Gun?” America’s 1st Freedom, Mar. 23, 2020.

“We Must Remember Our History of Freedom,” America’s 1st Freedom, Mar. 8, 2020.

“Second Amendment Sanctuaries Started in 1774,” American Thinker, Dec. 22, 2019.

“Recalling the Tragic History of Gun Control,” The American Spectator, Sept. 4, 2019.

“Gun Control: The Kristallnacht Version Of ‘Common-Sense Safety,” Investor’s Business Daily, Nov. 15, 2018.

View More Op-Eds and Short Articles >>

TV Appearances

Radio Interviews

Instagram Updates

"The gun-control crusade today is like the Prohibi "The gun-control crusade today is like the Prohibition crusade 100 years ago. It is a shared zealotry that binds the self-righteous know-it-alls in a warm fellowship of those who see themselves as fighting on the side of the angels against the forces of evil. It is a lofty role that they are not about to give up for anything so mundane as facts - or even the lives of other people." - Thomas Sowell 

From Sowell's article: "Guns do save lives; let’s see those stats" (April 5, 2013)
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#thomassowell #sowell #thomassowellquotes #americaneconomist #economist #socialtheorist 
#2a #2ndamendment #2amendmentrights #2amendmentsupporter #2amendmentmatters #2ndamendmentrights #2ndamendmentright #2ndamendmentsupporter #freedom #righttokeepandbeararms #rtkba #rtba #gunrightsmatter #gunlaws #disarmed #guncontrollaws #rightofthepeople #governmentcontrol #governmentalcontrol #donttreadonme #guncontrol #guncontrolquotes #prohibitionera #gunssavelives

"The gun-control crusade today is like the Prohibition crusade 100 years ago. It is a shared zealotry that binds the self-righteous know-it-alls in a warm fellowship of those who see themselves as fighting on the side of the angels against the forces of evil. It is a lofty role that they are not about to give up for anything so mundane as facts - or even the lives of other people." - Thomas Sowell 

From Sowell's article: "Guns do save lives; let’s see those stats" (April 5, 2013)
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#thomassowell #sowell #thomassowellquotes #americaneconomist #economist #socialtheorist 
#2a #2ndamendment #2amendmentrights #2amendmentsupporter #2amendmentmatters #2ndamendmentrights #2ndamendmentright #2ndamendmentsupporter #freedom #righttokeepandbeararms #rtkba #rtba #gunrightsmatter #gunlaws #disarmed #guncontrollaws #rightofthepeople #governmentcontrol #governmentalcontrol #donttreadonme #guncontrol #guncontrolquotes #prohibitionera #gunssavelives
...

Here are a few excerpts from David Kopel's ( @dav Here are a few excerpts from David Kopel's ( @davidkopel ) in depth review of my latest book: 

"Before becoming a lawyer, Halbrook was a philosophy professor at Tuskegee, Howard, and George Mason universities, and The Right to Bear Arms reflects his background. The book is legal history from early England to 2021, methodically and logically presented. The book is not about pro/con social science studies, and although it engages with post-Heller cases on the right to bear arms, most of the book covers the pre-Heller period. 

"At 377 pages, The Right to Bear Arms is the right length to thoroughly address its topic, supported by meticulous footnotes. . . ."

"The Right to Bear Arms does not attempt to solve every legal issue. The book assumes that the right is sufficiently protected by the modern laws in the large majority of states that allow a person to obtain a handgun carry permit after passing a background check and safety training. What clearly violates the right, according to Halbrook, are the laws in a handful of states, such as New York, that make carry perm its contingent on a government official's decision about whether a person has a special "need" or "good cause" for self-defense.

"What The Right to Bear Arms does demonstrate–beyond any serious dispute–is that law in England (but not Ireland) from at least the late seventeenth century until 1920 recognized the right to bear arms. So too, and with fewer ancillary restrictions, did the laws of the American colonial period, the Founding Era, the Early Republic, and the rest of the nineteenth century—with some exceptions that mainly related to the South's maintenance of a racial caste system."

Kopel's entire article can be found on the Reason.com (The Volokh Conspiracy) website.  David Kopel, " 'The Right to Bear Arms' by Stephen Halbrook: Book Review," May 1, 2021.  https://reason.com/volokh/2021/05/01/the-right-to-bear-arms-by-stephen-halbrook-book-review/

Painting: Lexington Common by Don Troiani
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#therighttobeararms #therighttobeararmshalbrook #stephenhalbrook #stephenphalbrook #rtkba #rtba #righttobeararms #righttokeepandbeararms #2ndamendment #righttocarry

Here are a few excerpts from David Kopel's ( @davidkopel ) in depth review of my latest book: 

"Before becoming a lawyer, Halbrook was a philosophy professor at Tuskegee, Howard, and George Mason universities, and The Right to Bear Arms reflects his background. The book is legal history from early England to 2021, methodically and logically presented. The book is not about pro/con social science studies, and although it engages with post-Heller cases on the right to bear arms, most of the book covers the pre-Heller period. 

"At 377 pages, The Right to Bear Arms is the right length to thoroughly address its topic, supported by meticulous footnotes. . . ."

"The Right to Bear Arms does not attempt to solve every legal issue. The book assumes that the right is sufficiently protected by the modern laws in the large majority of states that allow a person to obtain a handgun carry permit after passing a background check and safety training. What clearly violates the right, according to Halbrook, are the laws in a handful of states, such as New York, that make carry perm its contingent on a government official's decision about whether a person has a special "need" or "good cause" for self-defense.

"What The Right to Bear Arms does demonstrate–beyond any serious dispute–is that law in England (but not Ireland) from at least the late seventeenth century until 1920 recognized the right to bear arms. So too, and with fewer ancillary restrictions, did the laws of the American colonial period, the Founding Era, the Early Republic, and the rest of the nineteenth century—with some exceptions that mainly related to the South's maintenance of a racial caste system."

Kopel's entire article can be found on the Reason.com (The Volokh Conspiracy) website.  David Kopel, " 'The Right to Bear Arms' by Stephen Halbrook: Book Review," May 1, 2021.  https://reason.com/volokh/2021/05/01/the-right-to-bear-arms-by-stephen-halbrook-book-review/

Painting: Lexington Common by Don Troiani
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#therighttobeararms #therighttobeararmshalbrook #stephenhalbrook #stephenphalbrook #rtkba #rtba #righttobeararms #righttokeepandbeararms #2ndamendment #righttocarry
...

Does the right to bear arms REALLY mean the right Does the right to bear arms REALLY mean the right to bear arms?  I discussed the Supreme Court's recent acceptance of an important 2nd Amendment case, regarding a New York law about whether a person may legally carry a firearm outside their home, with Steve Gruber on his show (April 21, 2021).  

@stevegrubershow

The interview, which is about 7.5 minutes, is here: https://americasvoice.news/video/IIOHtWhHx8EhKeT/
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#stevegruber #stevegrubershow #stephenhalbrook #rtkba #rtba #righttobeararms #righttokeepandbeararms #righttocarry #guncontrol #scotus #2ahistory #secondamendment #constitutionalright #therightofthepeople #usconstitution #shallnotbeinfringed #constitutionalguarantees #2acase #nysrpa #nysrpavcorlett #2ndamendmentcases #2acases #constitutionalcarry #2a #2ndmendment #gunrestrictions #constitutionalright #2arights #2ndamendmentrights #righttocarry

Does the right to bear arms REALLY mean the right to bear arms?  I discussed the Supreme Court's recent acceptance of an important 2nd Amendment case, regarding a New York law about whether a person may legally carry a firearm outside their home, with Steve Gruber on his show (April 21, 2021).  

@stevegrubershow

The interview, which is about 7.5 minutes, is here: https://americasvoice.news/video/IIOHtWhHx8EhKeT/
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#stevegruber #stevegrubershow #stephenhalbrook #rtkba #rtba #righttobeararms #righttokeepandbeararms #righttocarry #guncontrol #scotus #2ahistory #secondamendment #constitutionalright #therightofthepeople #usconstitution #shallnotbeinfringed #constitutionalguarantees #2acase #nysrpa #nysrpavcorlett #2ndamendmentcases #2acases #constitutionalcarry #2a #2ndmendment #gunrestrictions #constitutionalright #2arights #2ndamendmentrights #righttocarry
...

Do your rights travel with you or do they only exi Do your rights travel with you or do they only exist in your home?  Last week I was interviewed by Lars Larson on his talk radio show and we had a lively discussion about the gun case that the Supreme Court has accepted and about my new book, The Right to Bear Arms: A Constitutional Right of the People or a Privilege of the Ruling Class?

Titled "Should the second amendment cover concealed carry?," the direct link is: 

https://soundcloud.com/thelarslarsonshow/stephen-halbrook-should-the-second-amendment-cover-concealed-carry
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#thelarslarsonshow #therighttobeararms #therighttobeararmshalbrook #stephenhalbrook #rtkba #rtba #righttobeararms #righttokeepandbeararms #righttocarry #guncontrol #scotus #2ahistory #secondamendment #constitutionalright #therightofthepeople #usconstitution #shallnotbeinfringed #constitutionalguarantees #2acase #nysrpa #nysrpavcorlett #2ndamendmentcases #2acases #constitutionalcarry #2a #2ndmendment #gunrestrictions #constitutionalright #2arights #2ndamendmentrights

Do your rights travel with you or do they only exist in your home?  Last week I was interviewed by Lars Larson on his talk radio show and we had a lively discussion about the gun case that the Supreme Court has accepted and about my new book, The Right to Bear Arms: A Constitutional Right of the People or a Privilege of the Ruling Class?

Titled "Should the second amendment cover concealed carry?," the direct link is: 

https://soundcloud.com/thelarslarsonshow/stephen-halbrook-should-the-second-amendment-cover-concealed-carry
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#thelarslarsonshow #therighttobeararms #therighttobeararmshalbrook #stephenhalbrook #rtkba #rtba #righttobeararms #righttokeepandbeararms #righttocarry #guncontrol #scotus #2ahistory #secondamendment #constitutionalright #therightofthepeople #usconstitution #shallnotbeinfringed #constitutionalguarantees #2acase #nysrpa #nysrpavcorlett #2ndamendmentcases #2acases #constitutionalcarry #2a #2ndmendment #gunrestrictions #constitutionalright #2arights #2ndamendmentrights
...

My new book, The Right to Bear Arms: A Constituti My new book, The Right to Bear Arms: A Constitutional Right of the People or a Privilege of the Ruling Class?, is available on amazon.com.  Here is the Table of Contents:

Introduction

Prologue: “The Right of the People to…Bear Arms”

Part I: English Origins of the Individual Right to Bear Arms
1. To Go Armed
2. “That the Subjects Which Are Protestants, May Have Arms for Their Defense”
3. A Right for All Seasons
Part II: The Fundamental Right to Bear Arms at the American Founding
4. From Colonies to Independent States
5. Adoption of the Right to Bear Arms in the Second Amendment

Part III: The Right to Bear Arms in the Nineteenth Century
6. Going Armed in the Early American Republic
7. The Fourteenth Amendment and Its Aftermath
Part IV: History Marches On
8. The “Wild West,” Jim Crow, and Anti-Immigrant Aberrations
9. From the State Courts to the U.S. Supreme Court
10. Today’s Limbo Game: How Long Can the Standard Go?

Afterword

#therighttobeararms #therighttobeararmshalbrook #stephenhalbrook #stephenphalbrook #rtkba #rtba #righttobeararms #righttokeepandbeararms #2ndamendment #righttocarry #righttocarryarms #ratificationoftheconstitution #foundingfathers #antigun #antigunadvocates #guncontrol #scotus #14thamendment #billofrights #2ahistory #2a #ushistory #secondamendment #constitutionalright #therightofthepeople #usconstitution #shallnotbeinfringed #constitutionalguarantees #americanrevolution #carryagun

My new book, The Right to Bear Arms: A Constitutional Right of the People or a Privilege of the Ruling Class?, is available on amazon.com.  Here is the Table of Contents:

Introduction

Prologue: “The Right of the People to…Bear Arms”

Part I: English Origins of the Individual Right to Bear Arms
1. To Go Armed
2. “That the Subjects Which Are Protestants, May Have Arms for Their Defense”
3. A Right for All Seasons
Part II: The Fundamental Right to Bear Arms at the American Founding
4. From Colonies to Independent States
5. Adoption of the Right to Bear Arms in the Second Amendment

Part III: The Right to Bear Arms in the Nineteenth Century
6. Going Armed in the Early American Republic
7. The Fourteenth Amendment and Its Aftermath
Part IV: History Marches On
8. The “Wild West,” Jim Crow, and Anti-Immigrant Aberrations
9. From the State Courts to the U.S. Supreme Court
10. Today’s Limbo Game: How Long Can the Standard Go?

Afterword

#therighttobeararms #therighttobeararmshalbrook #stephenhalbrook #stephenphalbrook #rtkba #rtba #righttobeararms #righttokeepandbeararms #2ndamendment #righttocarry #righttocarryarms #ratificationoftheconstitution #foundingfathers #antigun #antigunadvocates #guncontrol #scotus #14thamendment #billofrights #2ahistory #2a #ushistory #secondamendment #constitutionalright #therightofthepeople #usconstitution #shallnotbeinfringed #constitutionalguarantees #americanrevolution #carryagun
...

Earlier this week, the United States Supreme Court Earlier this week, the United States Supreme Court accepted "an appeal on whether New York’s permit requirements for carrying guns in public is constitutional, and ultimately whether the Second Amendment protects Americans’ right to carry guns outside of their homes."

“ 'This is the most significant Second Amendment issue that’s been before the Court,' says Stephen Halbrook, an attorney who has represented the NRA in federal court and is the author of The Right to Bear Arms: A Constitutional Right of the People or a Privilege of the Ruling Class?"

Excerpts are from Time's article "The Supreme Court Is Taking Up a Case That Could Impact Gun Rights For Millions," dated April 26, 2021.  The article is at:  time.com/5958646/supreme-court-gun-rights-case/
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#scotus #2acase #stephenhalbrook #nysrpa #nysrpavcorlett #supremecourt #ussupremecourt #righttocarry #2ndamendmentcases #2acases #constitutionalcarry #2a #2ndmendment #rtkba #righttobeararms #gunrestrictions #gunowners #gunowner #firearms #firearmslaws #nycgunlaws #constitutionalright #2arights #2ndamendmentrights #hellervsdc #nycguncase #gunrightscase #concealedweapon #concealedcarry #selfdefense

Earlier this week, the United States Supreme Court accepted "an appeal on whether New York’s permit requirements for carrying guns in public is constitutional, and ultimately whether the Second Amendment protects Americans’ right to carry guns outside of their homes."

“ 'This is the most significant Second Amendment issue that’s been before the Court,' says Stephen Halbrook, an attorney who has represented the NRA in federal court and is the author of The Right to Bear Arms: A Constitutional Right of the People or a Privilege of the Ruling Class?"

Excerpts are from Time's article "The Supreme Court Is Taking Up a Case That Could Impact Gun Rights For Millions," dated April 26, 2021.  The article is at:  time.com/5958646/supreme-court-gun-rights-case/
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#scotus #2acase #stephenhalbrook #nysrpa #nysrpavcorlett #supremecourt #ussupremecourt #righttocarry #2ndamendmentcases #2acases #constitutionalcarry #2a #2ndmendment #rtkba #righttobeararms #gunrestrictions #gunowners #gunowner #firearms #firearmslaws #nycgunlaws #constitutionalright #2arights #2ndamendmentrights #hellervsdc #nycguncase #gunrightscase #concealedweapon #concealedcarry #selfdefense
...

The U.S. Supreme Court has accepted an important 2 The U.S. Supreme Court has accepted an important 2nd Amendment case regarding a New York law about whether a person may legally carry a firearm outside their home.  Attorney Chuck Michel and I discussed this case with Joel Persinger of GunGuy TV and the interview is on YouTube.  Posted April 28, 2021 on GunGuyTV, the title is: "SCOTUS Takes a 2A Case - What next? - with Chuck Michel & Stephen Halbrook." @chuck_michel

The direct YouTube link is:  https://youtu.be/_TYwflTOrec
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#gunguytv #scotus #2acase #joelpersinger #chuckmichel #stephenhalbrook #nysrpa #nysrpavcorlett #supremecourt #ussupremecourt #righttocarry #2ndamendmentcases #2acases #constitutionalcarry #2a #2ndmendment #rtkba #righttobeararms #gunrestrictions #gunowners #gunowner #firearms #firearmslaws #nycgunlaws #constitutionalright #2arights #2ndamendmentrights #hellervsdc #nycguncase #gunrightscase

The U.S. Supreme Court has accepted an important 2nd Amendment case regarding a New York law about whether a person may legally carry a firearm outside their home.  Attorney Chuck Michel and I discussed this case with Joel Persinger of GunGuy TV and the interview is on YouTube.  Posted April 28, 2021 on GunGuyTV, the title is: "SCOTUS Takes a 2A Case - What next? - with Chuck Michel & Stephen Halbrook." @chuck_michel

The direct YouTube link is:  https://youtu.be/_TYwflTOrec
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#gunguytv #scotus #2acase #joelpersinger #chuckmichel #stephenhalbrook #nysrpa #nysrpavcorlett #supremecourt #ussupremecourt #righttocarry #2ndamendmentcases #2acases #constitutionalcarry #2a #2ndmendment #rtkba #righttobeararms #gunrestrictions #gunowners #gunowner #firearms #firearmslaws #nycgunlaws #constitutionalright #2arights #2ndamendmentrights #hellervsdc #nycguncase #gunrightscase
...

"The great body of our citizens shoot less as t "The great body of our citizens shoot less as times goes on. We should encourage rifle practice among schoolboys, and indeed among all classes, as well as in the military services by every means in our power. Thus, and not otherwise, may we be able to assist in preserving peace in the world... The first step – in the direction of preparation to avert war if possible, and to be fit for war if it should come – is to teach men to shoot!"  – President Theodore Roosevelt.  

And I'll add that females should learn to shoot too.  

Illustration: Du Pont Gunpowder Advertising Poster (Photo by �� Swim Ink 2, LLC/CORBIS/Corbis via Getty Images)
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#presidentteddyroosevelt #theodoreroosevelt #teddyroosevelt #teddyrooseveltquote #theodorerooseveltquotes #rifle #riflepractice 
#2a #2amendment #rtkba #righttobeararms #historybuff #progun #selfdefense #marksman #citizensinarms #preservepeace #teachmentoshoot #teachshooting #shootinglessons #shootmore #learntoshoot #boysshootingguns #girlsshootigguns #womenandguns #gunquotes #firearmstraining #shootinglessons #teachkidstoshoot #teachkidstoshootsafely

"The great body of our citizens shoot less as times goes on. We should encourage rifle practice among schoolboys, and indeed among all classes, as well as in the military services by every means in our power. Thus, and not otherwise, may we be able to assist in preserving peace in the world... The first step – in the direction of preparation to avert war if possible, and to be fit for war if it should come – is to teach men to shoot!"  – President Theodore Roosevelt.  

And I'll add that females should learn to shoot too.  

Illustration: Du Pont Gunpowder Advertising Poster (Photo by �� Swim Ink 2, LLC/CORBIS/Corbis via Getty Images)
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#presidentteddyroosevelt #theodoreroosevelt #teddyroosevelt #teddyrooseveltquote #theodorerooseveltquotes #rifle #riflepractice 
#2a #2amendment #rtkba #righttobeararms #historybuff #progun #selfdefense #marksman #citizensinarms #preservepeace #teachmentoshoot #teachshooting #shootinglessons #shootmore #learntoshoot #boysshootingguns #girlsshootigguns #womenandguns #gunquotes #firearmstraining #shootinglessons #teachkidstoshoot #teachkidstoshootsafely
...

Marathon & Triathlon Photos

Reykjavík Half-Marathon, 2019
Reykjavík, Iceland

Jungfrau Marathon, 2004
Jungfrau, Switzerland

Marine Corps Marathon
Washington, D.C.

Alcatraz Triathlon, 2001
San Francisco, California

Berlin Marathon, 2019
Berlin, Germany

Berlin Marathon, 2017
Berlin, Germany